richard the lion-hearted

World English Dictionary
Richard I (ˈrɪtʃəd)
nicknamed Coeur de Lion or the Lion-Heart. 1157--99, king of England (1189--99); a leader of the third crusade (joining it in 1191). On his way home, he was captured in Austria (1192) and held to ransom. After a brief return to England, where he was crowned again (1194), he spent the rest of his life in France

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Richard the Lion-Hearted definition

An English king of the twelfth century. Richard, a famed warrior, fought in the Crusades.

Note: In the legend of Robin Hood, Robin and his men are loyal to the absent King Richard, rather than to his brother, Prince John.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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