rille

rill

2 [ril]
noun Astronomy.
any of certain long, narrow, straight or sinuous trenches or valleys observed on the surface of the moon.
Also, rille.


Origin:
1885–90; < German Rille; see rill1

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World English Dictionary
rill (rɪl)
 
n
1.  a brook or stream; rivulet
2.  a small channel or gulley, such as one formed during soil erosion
3.  Also: rille one of many winding cracks on the moon
 
[C15: from Low German rille; related to Dutch ril]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

rill
"small brook, rivulet," 1538, from Du. ril, Low Ger. rille "groove, furrow, running stream," probably from P.Gmc. *riðele (cf. O.E. rið, riþe "brook, stream," which survives only in obscure Eng. dialects), a diminutive form from PIE base *reie- "to run, flow" (see Rhine).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

rille

any of various valleys or trenches on the surface of the Moon. The term was introduced by early telescopic observers-probably the German astronomer Johann Schroter about 1800-to denote such lunar features. The word rima (from Latin, "fissure") is often used for the same kind of features.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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