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Rio de Janeiro

[ree-oh dey zhuh-nair-oh, -neer-oh, juh-, dee, duh; Portuguese ree-oo di zhi-ney-roo] /ˈri oʊ deɪ ʒəˈnɛər oʊ, -ˈnɪər oʊ, dʒə-, di, də; Portuguese ˈri ʊ dɪ ʒɪˈneɪ rʊ/
noun
1.
a seaport in SE Brazil: former capital.
Also called Rio.

Guanabara

[gwah-nuh-bahr-uh] /ˌgwɑ nəˈbɑr ə/
noun
1.
a state in SE Brazil. 452 sq. mi. (1170 sq. km).
Capital: Rio de Janeiro.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro

/ˈriːəʊ də dʒəˈnɪərəʊ/
noun
1.
a port in SE Brazil, on Guanabara Bay: the country's chief port and its capital from 1763 to 1960; backed by mountains, notably Sugar Loaf Mountain; founded by the French in 1555 and taken by the Portuguese in 1567. Pop: 11 469 000 (2005 est) related noun Cariocan
2.
a state of E Brazil. Capital: Rio de Janeiro. Pop: 14 724 475 (2002). Area: 42 911 sq km (16 568 sq miles)

Guanabara

/Portuguese ɡwənaˈbara/
noun
1.
(until 1975) a state of SE Brazil, on the Atlantic and Guanabara Bay, now amalgamated with the state of Rio de Janeiro
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Rio de Janeiro

literally "January River," named by explorer Amerigo Vespucci because he discovered it on Jan. 1, 1502, and so called because he incorrectly thought the bay was the estuary of a large river. See January.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Rio de Janeiro in Culture
Rio de Janeiro [(ree-oh day, dee zhuh-nair-oh)]

City in southeastern Brazil on the Atlantic Ocean. Second-largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo; its former capital; and its financial, commercial, transportation, and cultural center.

Note: Rio is famous as a tourist attraction. Especially popular are its beaches, particularly the Copacabana.
Note: Rio's annual carnival is world-famous.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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