riparian

[ri-pair-ee-uhn, rahy-]
adjective
1.
of, pertaining to, or situated or dwelling on the bank of a river or other body of water: riparian villas.
noun
2.
Law. a person who owns land on the bank of a natural watercourse or body of water.

Origin:
1840–50; < Latin rīpāri(us) that frequents riverbanks (rīp(a) bank of a river + -ārius -ary) + -an

nonriparian, adjective, noun
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World English Dictionary
riparian (raɪˈpɛərɪən)
 
adj
1.  of, inhabiting, or situated on the bank of a river
2.  denoting or relating to the legal rights of the owner of land on a river bank, such as fishing or irrigation
 
n
3.  property law a person who owns land on a river bank
 
[C19: from Latin rīpārius, from rīpa a river bank]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Main Entry:  riparian
Part of Speech:  adj
Definition:  pertaining to the banks of a river or stream
Etymology:  Latin ripa 'bank, shore'
Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

riparian
"of or pertaining to river banks," 1849, from L. riparius "of a river bank," from riparia "shore," later used in ref. to the stream flowing between the banks, from ripa "(steep) bank of a river, shore," probably lit. "break" (and indicating the drop off from ground level to the stream bed), or else "that
which is cut out by the river," from PIE base *rei- "to scratch, tear, cut" (cf. Gk. ereipia "ruins," eripne "slope, precipice;" O.N. rifa "break, to tear apart;" Dan. rift "breach," M.H.G. rif "riverbank, seashore;" cf. riven, rift, rifle).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
riparian   (rĭ-pâr'ē-ən)  Pronunciation Key 
Relating to or inhabiting the banks of a natural course of water. Riparian zones are ecologically diverse and contribute to the health of other aquatic ecosystems by filtering out pollutants and preventing erosion. Salmon in the Pacific Northwest feed off riparian insects; trees such as the black walnut, the American sycamore, and the cottonwood thrive in riparian environments.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
It recently held a full-day symposium devoted to the benefits of riparian
  buffer zones for waterside properties.
But it will also generate less controversy among downstream riparian neighbours.
Breeding: open woodlands with dense undergrowth, riparian corridors, and parks.
Breeding: nests in a variety of habitats, from mixed coniferous forest to
  montane riparian.
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