a person who is competing for the same object or goal as another, or who tries to equal or outdo another; competitor.
a person or thing that is in a position to dispute another's preeminence or superiority: a stadium without a rival.
Obsolete. a companion in duty.
competing or standing in rivalry: rival suitors; rival businesses.
verb (used with object), rivaled, rivaling or (especially British) rivalled, rivalling.
to compete with in rivalry: strive to win from, equal, or outdo.
to prove to be a worthy rival of: He soon rivaled the others in skill.
to equal (something) as if in carrying on a rivalry: The Hudson rivals any European river in beauty.
verb (used without object), rivaled, rivaling or (especially British) rivalled, rivalling.
to engage in rivalry; compete.

1570–80; < Latin rīvālis orig., one who uses a stream in common with another, equivalent to rīv(us) stream + -ālis -al1

rivalless, adjective
nonrival, noun, adjective
outrival, verb (used with object), outrivaled, outrivaling or (especially British) outrivalled, outrivalling.
unrivaling, adjective
unrivalling, adjective

1. contestant, emulator, antagonist. See opponent. 4. competitive, opposed. 5. oppose. 7. match, emulate.

1. ally.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
rival (ˈraɪvəl)
1.  a.  a person, organization, team, etc, that competes with another for the same object or in the same field
 b.  (as modifier): rival suitors; a rival company
2.  a person or thing that is considered the equal of another or others: she is without rival in the field of economics
vb , -vals, -valling, -valled, -vals, -valing, -valed
3.  to be the equal or near equal of: an empire that rivalled Rome
4.  to try to equal or surpass; compete with in rivalry
[C16: from Latin rīvalis, literally: one who shares the same brook, from rīvus a brook]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1577, from L. rivalis "a rival," originally, "one who uses the same stream" (or "one on the opposite side of the stream"), from rivus "brook" (see rivulet). The notion is of the competitiveness of neighbors. The verb is first attested 1605.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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