roast

[rohst]
verb (used with object)
1.
to bake (meat or other food) uncovered, especially in an oven.
2.
to cook (meat or other food) by direct exposure to dry heat, as on a spit.
3.
to brown, dry, or parch by exposure to heat, as coffee beans.
4.
to cook or heat by embedding in hot coals, embers, etc.: to roast chestnuts.
5.
to heat excessively: The summer sun has been roasting the entire countryside.
6.
Metallurgy. to heat (ore or the like) in air in order to oxidize it.
7.
to warm at a hot fire: She roasted her hands over the fire.
8.
Informal. to ridicule or criticize severely or mercilessly.
9.
to honor with or subject to a roast: Friends roasted the star at a charity dinner.
verb (used without object)
10.
to roast meat or other food.
11.
to undergo the process of becoming roasted.
noun
12.
roasted meat or a piece of roasted meat, as a piece of beef or veal of a quantity and shape for slicing into more than one portion.
13.
a piece of meat for roasting.
14.
something that is roasted.
15.
the act or process of roasting.
16.
Informal. severe criticism.
17.
a facetious ceremonial tribute, usually concluding a banquet, in which the guest of honor is both praised and good-naturedly insulted in a succession of speeches by friends and acquaintances.
18.
an outdoor get-together, as a picnic or barbecue, at which food is roasted and eaten: a weenie roast.
adjective
19.
roasted: roast beef.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English rosten (v.) < Old French rostir < Germanic; compare Dutch roosten, German rösten

roastable, adjective
half-roasted, adjective
overroast, verb
underroast, verb (used with object)
unroasted, adjective
well-roasted, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
roast (rəʊst)
 
vb
1.  to cook (meat or other food) by dry heat, usually with added fat and esp in an oven
2.  to brown or dry (coffee, etc) by exposure to heat
3.  metallurgy to heat (an ore) in order to produce a concentrate that is easier to smelt
4.  to heat (oneself or something) to an extreme degree, as when sunbathing, sitting before the fire, etc
5.  (intr) to be excessively and uncomfortably hot
6.  informal to criticize severely
 
n
7.  something that has been roasted, esp meat
 
[C13: from Old French rostir, of Germanic origin; compare Middle Dutch roosten to roast]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

roast
c.1300, from O.Fr. rostir, from Frankish *hraustjan (cf. O.H.G. rosten, M.Du. roosten "to roast"), from the same source as roster (q.v.). The meaning "make fun of in an affectionate way" is from 1710. The noun is attested from early 14c. Roast beef first recorded 1630s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang Dictionary

roast definition


  1. tv.
    to put on an entertaining program, usually with a dinner, where the guest of honor is teased and insulted. : They roasted Dave when he retired.
  2. n.
    an entertaining program where the guest of honor is insulted all in fun. : It was a wonderful roast. The guest of honor was pleased with the quality of the insults.
Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions by Richard A. Spears.Fourth Edition.
Copyright 2007. Published by McGraw-Hill Education.
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Example sentences
When you roast the beans, the caffeine forms a kind of fuzz on the roaster.
Solar ovens can bake, roast and boil foods inside the cooking container.
To try pork roast with turnips in cane gravy, click here for the recipe.
He advised me to roast it in a covered clay pot, basted with olive oil mixed
  with chopped garlic and wild savory.
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