9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[rohst] /roʊst/
verb (used with object)
to bake (meat or other food) uncovered, especially in an oven.
to cook (meat or other food) by direct exposure to dry heat, as on a spit.
to brown, dry, or parch by exposure to heat, as coffee beans.
to cook or heat by embedding in hot coals, embers, etc.:
to roast chestnuts.
to heat excessively:
The summer sun has been roasting the entire countryside.
Metallurgy. to heat (ore or the like) in air in order to oxidize it.
to warm at a hot fire:
She roasted her hands over the fire.
Informal. to ridicule or criticize severely or mercilessly.
to honor with or subject to a roast:
Friends roasted the star at a charity dinner.
verb (used without object)
to roast meat or other food.
to undergo the process of becoming roasted.
roasted meat or a piece of roasted meat, as a piece of beef or veal of a quantity and shape for slicing into more than one portion.
a piece of meat for roasting.
something that is roasted.
the act or process of roasting.
Informal. severe criticism.
a facetious ceremonial tribute, usually concluding a banquet, in which the guest of honor is both praised and good-naturedly insulted in a succession of speeches by friends and acquaintances.
an outdoor get-together, as a picnic or barbecue, at which food is roasted and eaten:
a weenie roast.
roast beef.
Origin of roast
1250-1300; Middle English rosten (v.) < Old French rostir < Germanic; compare Dutch roosten, German rösten
Related forms
roastable, adjective
half-roasted, adjective
overroast, verb
underroast, verb (used with object)
unroasted, adjective
well-roasted, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for roast
  • When you roast the beans, the caffeine forms a kind of fuzz on the roaster.
  • Solar ovens can bake, roast and boil foods inside the cooking container.
  • To try pork roast with turnips in cane gravy, click here for the recipe.
  • He advised me to roast it in a covered clay pot, basted with olive oil mixed with chopped garlic and wild savory.
  • Step one: roast the hunted things-tapirs, monkeys, birds-on a stick above the flames.
  • What is more likely than a roast, nothing really and yet it is never disappointed singularly.
  • Cut remnants of cold broiled steak or roast beef in one-inch cubes.
  • Cover bottom of hot pan with some of beef fat tried out from roast, pour mixture in pan one-half inch deep.
  • Next the swineherd set by them platters of roast flesh, the fragments that were left from the meal of yesterday.
  • Few meats are as tender, juicy and flavorful as good roast beef, yet none are easier to prepare.
British Dictionary definitions for roast


verb (mainly transitive)
to cook (meat or other food) by dry heat, usually with added fat and esp in an oven
to brown or dry (coffee, etc) by exposure to heat
(metallurgy) to heat (an ore) in order to produce a concentrate that is easier to smelt
to heat (oneself or something) to an extreme degree, as when sunbathing, sitting before the fire, etc
(intransitive) to be excessively and uncomfortably hot
(informal) to criticize severely
something that has been roasted, esp meat
Word Origin
C13: from Old French rostir, of Germanic origin; compare Middle Dutch roosten to roast
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for roast

late 13c., "to cook by dry heat," from Old French rostir "to roast, burn" (Modern French rôtir), from Frankish *hraustjan (cf. Old High German rosten, German rösten, Middle Dutch roosten "to roast"), originally "cook on a grate or gridiron," related to Germanic words meaning "gridiron, grate;" cf. German Rost, Middle Dutch roost.

Intransitive sense "be very hot, be exposed to great heat" is from c.1300. The meaning "make fun of in an affectionate way" is from 1710. From the same source as roster. Related: Roasted; roasting. Roast beef first recorded 1630s (cf. French rosbif, from English).


early 14c., "meat roasted or for roasting;" see roast (v.). Meaning "a roasting" is from 1580s. Sense of "an unmerciful bantering" is from 1740.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for roast



: this national love for a good ''roast,'' this spirit of mockery


To make fun of; ridicule; insult, often in an affectionate way: had been roasted often by the critics as a ham (1710+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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