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roast

[rohst] /roʊst/
verb (used with object)
1.
to bake (meat or other food) uncovered, especially in an oven.
2.
to cook (meat or other food) by direct exposure to dry heat, as on a spit.
3.
to brown, dry, or parch by exposure to heat, as coffee beans.
4.
to cook or heat by embedding in hot coals, embers, etc.:
to roast chestnuts.
5.
to heat excessively:
The summer sun has been roasting the entire countryside.
6.
Metallurgy. to heat (ore or the like) in air in order to oxidize it.
7.
to warm at a hot fire:
She roasted her hands over the fire.
8.
Informal. to ridicule or criticize severely or mercilessly.
9.
to honor with or subject to a roast:
Friends roasted the star at a charity dinner.
verb (used without object)
10.
to roast meat or other food.
11.
to undergo the process of becoming roasted.
noun
12.
roasted meat or a piece of roasted meat, as a piece of beef or veal of a quantity and shape for slicing into more than one portion.
13.
a piece of meat for roasting.
14.
something that is roasted.
15.
the act or process of roasting.
16.
Informal. severe criticism.
17.
a facetious ceremonial tribute, usually concluding a banquet, in which the guest of honor is both praised and good-naturedly insulted in a succession of speeches by friends and acquaintances.
18.
an outdoor get-together, as a picnic or barbecue, at which food is roasted and eaten:
a weenie roast.
adjective
19.
roasted:
roast beef.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English rosten (v.) < Old French rostir < Germanic; compare Dutch roosten, German rösten
Related forms
roastable, adjective
half-roasted, adjective
overroast, verb
underroast, verb (used with object)
unroasted, adjective
well-roasted, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for roasted
  • The seeds are then roasted, undergoing several physical and chemical changes.
  • They are roasted to varying degrees, depending on the desired flavor.
British Dictionary definitions for roasted

roast

/rəʊst/
verb (mainly transitive)
1.
to cook (meat or other food) by dry heat, usually with added fat and esp in an oven
2.
to brown or dry (coffee, etc) by exposure to heat
3.
(metallurgy) to heat (an ore) in order to produce a concentrate that is easier to smelt
4.
to heat (oneself or something) to an extreme degree, as when sunbathing, sitting before the fire, etc
5.
(intransitive) to be excessively and uncomfortably hot
6.
(informal) to criticize severely
noun
7.
something that has been roasted, esp meat
Word Origin
C13: from Old French rostir, of Germanic origin; compare Middle Dutch roosten to roast
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for roasted

roast

v.

late 13c., "to cook by dry heat," from Old French rostir "to roast, burn" (Modern French rôtir), from Frankish *hraustjan (cf. Old High German rosten, German rösten, Middle Dutch roosten "to roast"), originally "cook on a grate or gridiron," related to Germanic words meaning "gridiron, grate;" cf. German Rost, Middle Dutch roost.

Intransitive sense "be very hot, be exposed to great heat" is from c.1300. The meaning "make fun of in an affectionate way" is from 1710. From the same source as roster. Related: Roasted; roasting. Roast beef first recorded 1630s (cf. French rosbif, from English).

n.

early 14c., "meat roasted or for roasting;" see roast (v.). Meaning "a roasting" is from 1580s. Sense of "an unmerciful bantering" is from 1740.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for roasted

roast

noun

: this national love for a good ''roast,'' this spirit of mockery

verb

To make fun of; ridicule; insult, often in an affectionate way: had been roasted often by the critics as a ham (1710+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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