a style of popular music combining the features of rock-'n'-roll and hillbilly music.

1955–60, Americanism; rock(-'n'-roll) + -a- connective + (hill)billy Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
rockabilly (ˈrɒkəˌbɪlɪ)
a.  a fast, spare style of White rock music which originated in the mid-1950s in the US South
 b.  (as modifier): a rockabilly number
[C20: from rock (and roll) + (hill)billy]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1956, from noun sense of rock (v.2), with the second element abstracted from (hill)billy music. First attested in a "Billboard" item about Johnny Burnette's "Lonesome Train."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


early form of rock music originated by white performers in the American South, popular from the mid-1950s to 1960, with a revival in the late 1970s. Record reviewers coined the term rockabilly-literally, rock and roll played by hillbillies-to describe the intense, rhythm-driven musical style introduced by Elvis Presley on his first recordings.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
There were experiments in electronic music, rockabilly, blues and hardcore country.
Autobiography of rockabilly singer who was born in poverty in.
In that sense he's a far different stylist than his country and rockabilly-loving dad, a genius player in his own right.
What is striking is the rockabilly sound of the backing band.
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