follow Dictionary.com

Why is the ninth month called September?

rock1

[rok] /rɒk/
noun
1.
a large mass of stone forming a hill, cliff, promontory, or the like.
2.
Geology.
  1. mineral matter of variable composition, consolidated or unconsolidated, assembled in masses or considerable quantities in nature, as by the action of heat or water.
  2. a particular kind of such matter:
    igneous rock.
3.
stone in the mass:
buildings that stand upon rock.
4.
a stone of any size.
5.
something resembling or suggesting a rock.
6.
a firm foundation or support:
The Lord is my rock.
7.
Chiefly British. a kind of hard candy, variously flavored.
9.
Often, rocks. Slang.
  1. a piece of money.
  2. a dollar bill.
10.
Slang.
  1. a diamond.
  2. any gem.
11.
Slang.
  1. crack (def 41).
  2. a pellet or lump of crack.
Idioms
12.
between a rock and a hard place, between undesirable alternatives.
13.
get one's rocks off, Slang: Vulgar. to have an orgasm.
14.
on the rocks,
  1. Informal. in or into a state of disaster or ruin:
    Their marriage is on the rocks.
  2. Informal. without funds; destitute; bankrupt.
  3. (of a beverage, especially liquor or a cocktail) with, or containing, ice cubes:
    Scotch on the rocks; a vodka martini on the rocks.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; 1905-10 for def 10; Middle English rokk(e) < Old French ro(c)que, roche (cf. roche alum); compare Spanish, Provençal roca, Italian rocca, Medieval Latin rocha, rocca (> late Old English -rocc in stānrocc “stone-rock”)
Related forms
rockless, adjective
rocklike, adjective

rock2

[rok] /rɒk/
verb (used without object)
1.
to move or sway to and fro or from side to side.
2.
to be moved or swayed powerfully with excitement, emotion, etc.
3.
Mining. (of sand or gravel) to be washed in a cradle.
4.
to dance to or play rock music.
5.
(of popular music) to have the driving beat characteristic of rock.
6.
Slang. to be very good, impressive, exciting, or effective:
This show really rocks.
verb (used with object)
7.
to move or sway to and fro or from side to side, especially gently and soothingly.
8.
to lull in security, hope, etc.
9.
to affect deeply; stun; move or sway powerfully, as with emotion:
Everyone in the courtroom was rocked by the verdict.
10.
to shake or disturb violently:
A thunderous explosion rocked the waterfront.
11.
Slang.
  1. to stir up; animate:
    We're gonna rock this joint tonight!
  2. to use, wear, or display (a look, garment, etc.) in a showy, self-confident manner and to great effect:
    Only you could rock that hat!
12.
Graphic Arts. to roughen the surface of (a copperplate) with a rocker preparatory to scraping a mezzotint.
13.
Mining. cradle (def 22).
noun
14.
a rocking movement:
the gentle rock of the boat.
15.
rock-'n'-roll (def 1).
adjective
16.
rock-'n'-roll (def 3).
Idioms
17.
rock the boat, Informal. to disrupt the smooth functioning or routine of something:
Don't rock the boat by demanding special treatment from management.
Origin
before 1100; Middle English rocken, Old English roccian; cognate with Middle Dutch rocken; akin to German rücken; Old Norse rykkja to jerk
Related forms
rockable, adjective
rockingly, adverb
unrocked, adjective
Synonyms
1. roll, shake. See swing1 .

rock3

[rok] /rɒk/
noun
Origin
1690-1700; short for rockfish

Rock

[rok] /rɒk/
noun
1.
a male given name.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
Examples for rocks
  • From your campsite, spot steep-walled canyons and crimson-colored rocks.
  • Some say this means that higher education is on the rocks.
  • The water authority pays homeowners to replace water-gulping lawns with rocks and drought-tolerant plants.
  • The captain warned that there might be rocks in those uncharted waters.
  • It's a voice from a place where kids throw rocks at tanks, where people pull down walls with their bare hands.
  • Survivors are calling out and ambulances are rushing around and people are digging in rocks-there is a lot of activity.
  • In the sun its rocks become charcoal-colored briquettes in a hibachi.
  • The rocks in various countries are covered with inscriptions and sculptures recording his sayings and doings.
  • The show is back after a hiatus, and the characters' marriage is on the rocks.
  • But this banishment to the rocks and echoes no metaphysics can make right or tolerable.
British Dictionary definitions for rocks

rock1

/rɒk/
noun
1.
(geology) any aggregate of minerals that makes up part of the earth's crust. It may be unconsolidated, such as a sand, clay, or mud, or consolidated, such as granite, limestone, or coal See also igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
2.
any hard mass of consolidated mineral matter, such as a boulder
3.
(mainly US & Canadian, Austral) a stone
4.
a person or thing suggesting a rock, esp in being dependable, unchanging, or providing firm foundation
5.
(Brit) a hard sweet, typically a long brightly-coloured peppermint-flavoured stick, sold esp in holiday resorts
6.
(slang) a jewel, esp a diamond
7.
short for rock salmon
8.
(pl) (slang) the testicles
9.
(slang) another name for crack (sense 29)
10.
between a rock and a hard place, having to choose between two equally unpleasant alternatives
11.
on the rocks
  1. in a state of ruin or destitution
  2. (of drinks, esp whisky) served with ice
Word Origin
C14: from Old French roche, of unknown origin

rock2

/rɒk/
verb
1.
to move or cause to move from side to side or backwards and forwards
2.
to reel or sway or cause (someone) to reel or sway, as with a violent shock or emotion
3.
(transitive) to shake or move (something) violently
4.
(intransitive) to dance in the rock-and-roll style
5.
(mining) to wash (ore) or (of ore) to be washed in a cradle
6.
(transitive) to roughen (a copper plate) with a rocker before engraving a mezzotint
7.
(transitive) (slang, mainly US) to impress by wearing (an item of clothing) or playing (a musical instrument) She can still rock a miniskirt, He rocks a guitar like nobody’s business
8.
(informal) rock the boat, to create a disturbance in the existing situation
noun
9.
a rocking motion
10.
short for rock and roll
11.
Also called rock music. any of various styles of pop music having a heavy beat, derived from rock and roll
See also rock up
Word Origin
Old English roccian; related to Middle Dutch, Old High German rocken, German rücken

Rock

/rɒk/
noun the Rock
1.
an informal name for Gibraltar
2.
a Canadian informal name for Newfoundland
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for rocks
n.

plural of rock (n.1). Meaning "ice cubes" is from 1946; slang meaning "testicles" is first recorded in phrase get (one's) rocks off "achieve intense satisfaction." On the rocks "ruined" is from 1889, figurative use of the expression with reference to ships (by 1735).

rock

n.

"stone, mass of mineral matter," c.1300, from Old English rocc (e.g. stanrocc "stone rock or obelisk") and directly from Old North French roque, which is cognate with Medieval Latin rocca (8c.), from Vulgar Latin *rocca, of uncertain origin, according to Klein sometimes said to be from Celtic (cf. Breton roch).

In Middle English it seems to have been used principally for rock formations as opposed to individual stones. Meaning "precious stone, especially a diamond," is 1908, U.S. slang. Meaning "crystallized cocaine" is attested from 1973, in West Coast U.S. slang. Figurative use for "sure foundation" (especially with reference to Christ) is from 1520s; but also from 1520s as "source of danger or destruction," in reference to shipwrecks (e.g. on the rocks). Also used attributively in names of animals that frequent rocky habitats, e.g. rock lobster (1843). Between a rock and a hard place first attested 1921:

to be between a rock and a hard place, vb. ph. To be bankrupt. Common in Arizona in recent panics; sporadic in California. ["Dialect Notes," vol. V, part iv, 1921]
Rock-ribbed is from 1776, originally of land; figurative sense of "resolute" first recorded 1887. Rock-happy (1945) was U.S. Pacific Theater armed forces slang for "mentally unhinged after too much time on one island." The rock-scissors-paper game is attested by that name from 1976; from 1968 as paper-stone-scissors. A 1967 source says it is based on Japanese Jan Ken Pon (or Janken for short), which is said to mean the same thing more or less.

"action of rocking; a movement to and fro," 1823, from rock (v.1). As short for rock and roll, by 1957; but sense of "musical rhythm characterized by a strong beat" is from 1946, in blues slang. Rock star attested by 1966.

v.

"to sway," late Old English roccian "move a child gently to and fro," related to Old Norse rykkja "to pull, tear, move," Swedish rycka "to pull, pluck," Middle Dutch rucken, Old High German rucchan, German rücken "to move jerkily."

Meaning "cause to sway back and forth" is from late 13c. Intransitive sense from late 14c. For popular music senses, see rock (v.2). Related: Rocked; rocking. To rock the boat in the figurative sense "stir up trouble" is from 1914. Rock-a-bye first recorded 1805 in nursery rhyme.

"to dance to popular music with a strong beat," 1948 (first attested in song title "We're gonna rock"), from rock (v.1), in earlier blues slang sense of "to cause to move with musical rhythm" (1922); often used at first with sexual overtones (cf. 1922 song title "My Man Rocks Me (with One Steady Roll)"). Sense developed early 1950s to "play or dance to rock and roll music." Related: Rocked; rocking. Rocksteady, Jamaican pop music style (precursor of reggae), is attested from 1969.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
rocks in Medicine

Rock (rŏk), John. 1890-1984.

American gynecologist and obstetrician who helped develop (1954) the first effective oral contraceptive.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
rocks in Science
rock
  (rŏk)   
  1. A relatively hard, naturally occurring mineral material. Rock can consist of a single mineral or of several minerals that are either tightly compacted or held together by a cementlike mineral matrix. The three main types of rock are igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic.

  2. A piece of such material; a stone.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Slang definitions & phrases for rocks

rocks

noun
  1. Ice cubes (1946+)
  2. The testicles; family jewels, nuts (1948+)
Related Terms

get one's rocks, have rocks in one's head, hot rocks, on the rocks, tough shit

[stones in the second sense is found by 1154]


rock

noun
  1. A dollar; buck: I want to see you make twenty rocks (1840+)
  2. Any precious stone, esp a diamond (1908+ Underworld)
  3. A rock-and-roll devotee: teenagers called ''rocks'' (1950s+)
  4. Rock-and-roll music: hard rock (1950s+)
  5. A small cube of very pure cocaine, intended for smoking rather than inhalation: Dealers sell pellet-size ''rocks'' in small plastic vials (1980s+ Narcotics)
  6. A cellblock: When is the wagon due back on this rock, Pops? (1970s+ Prison)
  7. A basketball (1980s+ Basketball)
verb
  1. To do the sex act with or to; screw, ride: My man rocks me with one steady roll (1900+)
  2. To move, dance, writhe, etc, to rock-and-roll music; boogie, bop: Soon just one couple was rocking in the middle of the floor (1950s+)
  3. To be resonant with and physically responsive to rockand-roll music; jump: Soon the whole room was rocking (1950s+)
Related Terms

acid rock, glitter rock, hard rock, hot rock, punk rock, rim-rock


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
Cite This Source
rocks in the Bible

(Heb. tsur), employed as a symbol of God in the Old Testament (1 Sam. 2:2; 2 Sam. 22:3; Isa. 17:10; Ps. 28:1; 31:2,3; 89:26; 95:1); also in the New Testament (Matt. 16:18; Rom. 9:33; 1 Cor. 10:4). In Dan. 2:45 the Chaldaic form of the Hebrew word is translated "mountain." It ought to be translated "rock," as in Hab. 1:12 in the Revised Version. The "rock" from which the stone is cut there signifies the divine origin of Christ. (See STONE.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
Cite This Source
Idioms and Phrases with rocks
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for rock

All English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for rocks

11
12
Scrabble Words With Friends

Quotes with rocks