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Rome, University of

coeducational, autonomous state institution of higher learning in Rome. Founded in 1303 by Pope Boniface VIII, the university, known as the studium urbis ("place of study of the city"), operated for a time alongside the studium curiae ("place of study of the [Papal] court"), founded 1244-45. Under Pope Leo X (1513-21), the two institutions were fused into one University of Rome, housed in a building called Sapienza ("wisdom"), which for centuries gave its name to the university.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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