[ron-doh, ron-doh]
noun, plural rondeaux [ron-dohz, ron-dohz] .
Prosody. a short poem of fixed form, consisting of 13 or 10 lines on two rhymes and having the opening words or phrase used in two places as an unrhymed refrain.
a 13th-century monophonic song form consisting of two phrases, each repeated several times, and occurring in the 14th and 15th centuries in polyphonic settings.
a 17th-century musical form consisting of a refrain alternating with contrasting couplets, developing in the 18th century into the sonata-rondo form.

1515–25; < Middle French: little circle; see rondel Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
rondeau (ˈrɒndəʊ)
n , pl -deaux
See also roundel a poem consisting of 13 or 10 lines with two rhymes and having the opening words of the first line used as an unrhymed refrain
[C16: from Old French, from rondel a little round, from rondround]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1525, from M.Fr. rondeau, from O.Fr. rondel (see rondel). Metrical form of 10 or 13 lines with only two rhymes.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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