rosh hashana

Rosh Hashanah

[rohsh hah-shaw-nuh, -shah-, huh-, rawsh; Ashkenazic Hebrew rohsh hah-shaw-nuh; Sephardic Hebrew rawsh hah-shah-nah]
noun
a Jewish high holy day that marks the beginning of the Jewish New Year, celebrated on the first and second days of Tishri by Orthodox and Conservative Jews and only on the first day by Reform Jews.
Also, Rosh Hashana, Rosh Hashonoh, Rosh Hashono.


Origin:
1840–50; < Hebrew rōsh hashshānāh literally, beginning of the year

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World English Dictionary
Rosh Hashanah or Rosh Hashana (ˈrɒʃ həˈʃɑːnə, Hebrew ˈrɔʃ haʃaˈna, ˈrɒʃ həˈʃɑːnə, Hebrew ˈrɔʃ haʃaˈna)
 
n
the festival marking the Jewish New Year, celebrated on the first and second days of Tishri, and marked by penitential prayers and by the blowing of the shofar
 
[from Hebrew rōsh hasshānāh, literally: beginning of the year, from rōsh head + hash-shānāh year]
 
Rosh Hashana or Rosh Hashana
 
n
 
[from Hebrew rōsh hasshānāh, literally: beginning of the year, from rōsh head + hash-shānāh year]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Rosh Hashanah
Jewish new year, 1846, from Heb. rosh hashshanah, lit. "head of the year," from rosh "head of" + hash-shanah "the year."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Rosh Hashanah [(rosh-huh-shah-nuh; rosh-huh-shoh-nuh)]

The festival of the New Year in Judaism, falling in September or October. Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, and the eight days in between are special days of penitence.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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