rosiny

rosin

[roz-in]
noun Also called colophony.
1.
Chemistry. the yellowish to amber, translucent, hard, brittle, fragmented resin left after distilling the oil of turpentine from the crude oleoresin of the pine: used chiefly in making varnishes, varnish and paint driers, printing inks, and for rubbing on the bows of such string instruments as the violin.
verb (used with object)
3.
to cover or rub with rosin.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English < Old French, variant of resine resin

rosiny, adjective

resin, rosin.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
rosin (ˈrɒzɪn)
 
n
1.  Also called: colophony a translucent brittle amber substance produced in the distillation of crude turpentine oleoresin and used esp in making varnishes, printing inks, and sealing waxes and for treating the bows of stringed instruments
2.  (not in technical usage) another name for resin
 
vb
3.  (tr) to treat or coat with rosin
 
[C14: variant of resin]
 
'rosiny
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

rosin
c.1350, from O.Fr. raisine, variant of résine (see resin). The verb is from 1497.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

rosin ros·in (rŏz'ĭn)
n.
A translucent yellowish to dark brown resin derived from the stumps or sap of various pine trees and used as an adhesive in plasters and as a stimulant in ointments.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Rosin definition


found only in Authorized Version, margin, Ezek. 27:17, Heb. tsori, uniformly rendered elsewhere "balm" (q.v.), as here in the text. The Vulgate has resinam, rendered "rosin" in the Douay Version. As used, however, by Jerome, the Lat. resina denotes some odoriferous gum or oil.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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