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rosin

[roz-in] /ˈrɒz ɪn/
noun, Also called colophony
1.
Chemistry. the yellowish to amber, translucent, hard, brittle, fragmented resin left after distilling the oil of turpentine from the crude oleoresin of the pine: used chiefly in making varnishes, varnish and paint driers, printing inks, and for rubbing on the bows of such string instruments as the violin.
2.
verb (used with object)
3.
to cover or rub with rosin.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English < Old French, variant of resine resin
Related forms
rosiny, adjective
Can be confused
resin, rosin.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for rosiny

rosin

/ˈrɒzɪn/
noun
1.
Also called colophony. a translucent brittle amber substance produced in the distillation of crude turpentine oleoresin and used esp in making varnishes, printing inks, and sealing waxes and for treating the bows of stringed instruments
2.
(not in technical usage) another name for resin (sense 1)
verb
3.
(transitive) to treat or coat with rosin
Derived Forms
rosiny, adjective
Word Origin
C14: variant of resin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for rosiny

rosin

n.

late 13c., from Old French raisine, rousine, variants of résine (see resin). The verb is from mid- 14c. Related: Rosined; rosining.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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rosiny in Medicine

rosin ros·in (rŏz'ĭn)
n.
A translucent yellowish to dark brown resin derived from the stumps or sap of various pine trees and used as an adhesive in plasters and as a stimulant in ointments.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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rosiny in the Bible

found only in Authorized Version, margin, Ezek. 27:17, Heb. tsori, uniformly rendered elsewhere "balm" (q.v.), as here in the text. The Vulgate has resinam, rendered "rosin" in the Douay Version. As used, however, by Jerome, the Lat. resina denotes some odoriferous gum or oil.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for rosiny

rosin

translucent, brittle, friable resin used for varnish and in manufacturing many products. It becomes sticky when warm and has a faint pinelike odour. Gum rosin consists of the residue obtained upon distillation of the oleoresin (a natural fluid) from pine trees (the volatile component is spirit of turpentine); wood rosin, obtained by solvent extraction of the stumps, is usually of a darker colour

Learn more about rosin with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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9
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