2 [roht]
noun Music.
Also, rota, rotta, rotte.

1350–1400; Middle English < Old French < Frankish *hrota (compare Old High German hruozza); akin to crowd2 Unabridged


noun Music.
Also, rotta [rot-uh] . Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
rote1 (rəʊt)
1.  a habitual or mechanical routine or procedure
2.  by rote by repetition; by heart (often in the phrase learn by rote)
[C14: origin unknown]

rote2 (rəʊt)
an ancient violin-like musical instrument; crwth
[C13: from Old French rote, of Germanic origin; related to Old High German rotta, Middle Dutch rotte]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, in phrase bi rote "by heart," of uncertain origin, sometimes said to be connected with O.Fr. rote "route" (see route), or from L. rota "wheel" (see rotary), but O.E.D. calls both suggestions groundless.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


medieval European stringed musical instrument. The name is frequently applied to the boxlike lyres with straight or waisted sides frequently pictured in medieval illustrations of musical instruments. Some surviving writings, however, indicate that contemporary writers may have applied the name to the harp. The rotta probably originated in Ireland as the cruit and spread to the European continent. The Irish name is related to crwth, the Welsh bowed lyre.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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