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rout1

[rout] /raʊt/
noun
1.
a defeat attended with disorderly flight; dispersal of a defeated force in complete disorder:
to put an army to rout; to put reason to rout.
2.
any overwhelming defeat:
a rout of the home team by the state champions.
3.
a tumultuous or disorderly crowd of persons.
4.
the rabble or mob.
5.
Law. a disturbance of the public peace by three or more persons acting together in a manner that suggests an intention to riot although they do not actually carry out the intention.
6.
a large, formal evening party or social gathering.
7.
Archaic. a company or band of people.
verb (used with object)
8.
to disperse in defeat and disorderly flight:
to rout an army.
9.
to defeat decisively:
to rout an opponent in conversation.
Origin
1200-1250
1200-50; (noun) Middle English < Anglo-French rute, Old French route a fraction, detachment < Latin rupta, feminine past participle of rumpere to break; (v.) derivative of the noun
Can be confused
root, route, route.
Synonyms
3. swarm, horde. 9. overwhelm, overcome, subdue.

route

[root, rout] /rut, raʊt/
noun
1.
a course, way, or road for passage or travel:
What's the shortest route to Boston?
2.
a customary or regular line of passage or travel:
a ship on the North Atlantic route.
3.
a specific itinerary, round, or number of stops regularly visited by a person in the performance of his or her work or duty:
a newspaper route; a mail carrier's route.
verb (used with object), routed, routing.
4.
to fix the route of:
to route a tour.
5.
to send or forward by a particular route:
to route mail to its proper destination.
Idioms
6.
go the route, Informal.
  1. to see something through to completion:
    It was a tough assignment, but he went the route.
  2. Baseball. to pitch the complete game:
    The heat and humidity were intolerable, but the pitcher managed to go the route.
Origin
1175-1225; Middle English: way, course < Old French < Latin rupta (via) broken (road), feminine past participle of rumpere to break; cf. rout1
Related forms
misroute, verb (used with object), misrouted, misrouting.
preroute, verb (used with object), prerouted, prerouting.
reroute, verb, rerouted, rerouting.
Can be confused
root, rout, route.
Synonyms
3. beat, circuit.

rout2

[rout] /raʊt/
verb (used without object)
1.
to root:
pigs routing in the garden.
2.
to poke, search, or rummage.
verb (used with object)
3.
to turn over or dig up (something) with the snout.
4.
to find or get by searching, rummaging, etc. (usually followed by out).
5.
to cause to rise from bed (often followed by up or out).
6.
to force or drive out.
7.
to hollow out or furrow, as with a scoop, gouge, or machine.
Origin
1540-50; alteration of root2; compare Middle Dutch ruten to root out

rout3

[rout] /raʊt/
verb (used without object), Archaic.
1.
to snore.
Origin
before 900; Middle English routen, Old English hrūtan; cognate with Old High German hrūzan

rout4

[rout, root] /raʊt, rut/
verb (used without object), verb (used with object)
1.
to bellow; roar.
noun
2.
a bellow.
Origin
1250-1300; Middle English rowten < Old Norse rauta to bellow; akin to Latin rudere
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for routed
  • News from the capital: hundreds of rebel soldiers killed or captured, and the rest of the column routed.
  • The pipeline certainly has to be routed away from the critical aquifers.
  • Now all but the wealthiest travelers have to book seats far in advance, and end up routed through congested hubs.
  • The book never quite shakes off a feeling of outrage at having been routed by grief.
  • Doctors have re-routed nerves in nine patients so far.
  • Second, each musician is directly connected with the other musicians in a jam session, instead of being routed through a server.
  • Some routes routed though heavy traffic would be better targets for early market penetration.
  • However, the mobile phone network is largely static, because calls have to routed through a centralised fibres.
  • All packets going to the same place are routed along the same path and treated the same way.
  • The location is then routed through a computer system that gauges the necessary tolls.
British Dictionary definitions for routed

rout1

/raʊt/
noun
1.
an overwhelming defeat
2.
a disorderly retreat
3.
a noisy rabble
4.
(law) a group of three or more people proceeding to commit an illegal act
5.
(archaic) a large party or social gathering
verb
6.
(transitive) to defeat and cause to flee in confusion
Word Origin
C13: from Anglo-Norman rute, from Old French: disorderly band, from Latin ruptus broken, from rumpere to burst; see route

rout2

/raʊt/
verb
1.
to dig over or turn up (something), esp (of an animal) with the snout; root
2.
(transitive; usually foll by out or up) to get or find by searching
3.
(transitive) usually foll by out. to force or drive out: they routed him out of bed at midnight
4.
(transitive) often foll by out. to hollow or gouge out
5.
(intransitive) to search, poke, or rummage
Word Origin
C16: variant of root²

route

/ruːt/
noun
1.
the choice of roads taken to get to a place
2.
a regular journey travelled
3.
(capital) (US) a main road between cities: Route 66
4.
(mountaineering) the direction or course taken by a climb
5.
(med) the means by which a drug or agent is administered or enters the body, such as by mouth or by injection: oral route
verb (transitive) routes, routing, routeing, routed
6.
to plan the route of; send by a particular route
Usage note
When forming the present participle or verbal noun from the verb to route it is preferable to retain the e in order to distinguish the word from routing, the present participle or verbal noun from rout1, to defeat or rout2, to dig, rummage: the routeing of buses from the city centre to the suburbs. The spelling routing in this sense is, however, sometimes encountered, esp in American English
Word Origin
C13: from Old French rute, from Vulgar Latin rupta via (unattested), literally: a broken (established) way, from Latin ruptus broken, from rumpere to break, burst
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for routed

rout

n.

1590s, "disorderly retreat following a defeat," from Middle French route "disorderly flight of troops," literally "a breaking off, rupture," from Vulgar Latin rupta "a dispersed group," literally "a broken group," from noun use of Latin rupta, fem. past participle of rumpere "to break" (see rupture (n.)).

The archaic English noun rout "group of persons, assemblage," is the same word, from Anglo-French rute, Old French route "host, troop, crowd," from Vulgar Latin rupta "a dispersed group," here with sense of "a division, a detachment." It first came to English meaning "group of soldiers" (early 13c.), also "gang of outlaws or rioters, mob" (c.1300) before the more general sense developed 14c. Also as a legal term. Cf. rout-cake (1807), one baked for use at a reception.

v.

"drive into disordered flight by defeat," c.1600, from rout (n.). Related: Routed; routing.

route

n.

early 13c., from Old French rute "road, way, path" (12c.), from Latin rupta (via) "(a road) opened by force," from rupta, fem. past participle of rumpere "to break" (see rupture (n.)). Sense of "fixed or regular course for carrying things" (cf. mail route) is 1792, an extension of the meaning "customary path of animals" (early 15c.).

v.

1890, from route (n.). Related: Routed; routing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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routed in Technology

networking
/root dee/ Route Daemon. A program which runs under 4.2BSD Unix systems and derivatives to propagate routes among machines on a local area network, using the Routing Information Protocol. See also gated.
(2002-07-31)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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