row up


1 [roh]
a number of persons or things arranged in a line, especially a straight line: a row of apple trees.
a line of persons or things so arranged: The petitioners waited in a row.
a line of adjacent seats facing the same way, as in a theater: seats in the third row of the balcony.
a street formed by two continuous lines of buildings.
Music. tone row.
Checkers. one of the horizontal lines of squares on a checkerboard; rank.
verb (used with object)
to put in a row (often followed by up ).
hard/long row to hoe, a difficult task or set of circumstances to confront: At 32 and with two children, she found attending medical school a hard row to hoe.

1175–1225; Middle English row(e); compare Old English rǣw Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
row1 (rəʊ)
1.  an arrangement of persons or things in a line: a row of chairs
2.  a.  chiefly (Brit) a street, esp a narrow one lined with identical houses
 b.  (capital when part of a street name): Church Row
3.  a line of seats, as in a cinema, theatre, etc
4.  maths a horizontal linear arrangement of numbers, quantities, or terms, esp in a determinant or matrix
5.  a horizontal rank of squares on a chessboard or draughtboard
6.  in a row in succession; one after the other: he won two gold medals in a row
7.  a hard row to hoe a difficult task or assignment
[Old English rāw, rǣw; related to Old High German rīga line, Lithuanian raiwe strip]

row2 (rəʊ)
1.  to propel (a boat) by using oars
2.  (tr) to carry (people, goods, etc) in a rowing boat
3.  to be propelled by means of (oars or oarsmen)
4.  (intr) Compare scull to take part in the racing of rowing boats as a sport, esp in eights, in which each member of the crew pulls one oar
5.  (tr) to race against in a boat propelled by oars: Oxford row Cambridge every year
6.  an act, instance, period, or distance of rowing
7.  an excursion in a rowing boat
[Old English rōwan; related to Middle Dutch roien, Middle High German rüejen, Old Norse rōa, Latin rēmus oar]

row3 (raʊ)
1.  a noisy quarrel or dispute
2.  a noisy disturbance; commotion: we couldn't hear the music for the row next door
3.  a reprimand
4.  informal give someone a row to scold someone; tell someone off
vb (often foll by with)
5.  to quarrel noisily
6.  archaic (tr) to reprimand
[C18: origin unknown]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"line of people or things," O.E. ræw "a row, line," from P.Gmc. *rai(h)waz (cf. M.Du. rie, Du. rij "row;" O.H.G. rihan "to thread," riga "line;" Ger. Reihe "row, line, series;" O.N. rega "string"), possibly from PIE base *rei- "to scratch, tear, cut" (cf. Skt. rikhati "scratches," rekha "line").
Meaning "a number of houses in a line" is attested from mid-15c., originally chiefly Scottish and northern English. Row-house is first recorded 1936, Amer.Eng. Phrase a hard row to hoe first attested 1835, in writing of Davy Crockett.

"propel with oars," O.E. rowan (class VII strong verb; past tense reow, pp. rowen), from P.Gmc. *ro- (cf. O.N. roa, Du. roeien, W.Fris. roeije, M.H.G. rüejen), from PIE base *ere- "to row" (cf. Skt. aritrah "oar;" Gk. eressein "to row," eretmon "oar," trieres "trireme;" L. remus "oar;" Lith. iriu
"to row," irklas "oar;" O.Ir. rome "oar," O.E. roðor "rudder"). First record of rowboat is from 1538 (cf. Du. roeiboot).

"noisy commotion," 1746, Cambridge University slang, of uncertain origin, perhaps related to rousel "drinking bout" (1602), a shortened form of carousal. Klein suggests a back-formation from rouse (n.), mistaken as a plural (cf. pea from pease).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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