ruffles

ruffle

1 [ruhf-uhl]
verb (used with object), ruffled, ruffling.
1.
to destroy the smoothness or evenness of: The wind ruffled the sand.
2.
to erect (the feathers), as a bird in anger.
3.
to disturb, vex, or irritate: to be ruffled by a perceived slight.
4.
to turn (the pages of a book) rapidly.
5.
to pass (cards) through the fingers rapidly in shuffling.
6.
to draw up (cloth, lace, etc.) into a ruffle by gathering along one edge.
verb (used without object), ruffled, ruffling.
7.
to be or become ruffled; undulate; flutter: Flags ruffle in the wind.
8.
to be or become vexed or irritated.
9.
to put on airs; swagger.
noun
10.
a break in the smoothness or evenness of some surface; undulation.
11.
a strip of cloth, lace, etc., drawn up by gathering along one edge and used as a trimming on a dress, blouse, etc.
12.
some object resembling this, as the ruff of a bird.
13.
disturbance or vexation; annoyance; irritation: It is impossible to live without some daily ruffles to our composure.
14.
a disturbed state of mind; perturbation.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English ruffelen (v.); cognate with Low German ruffelen to crumple, rumple; compare Old Norse hruffa to scratch

ruffly, adjective
ruffler, noun


1. disarrange, disorder, wrinkle, rumple. 3. upset, annoy, agitate. 10. perturbation, flurry, agitation. 11. frill, ruff.


1. smooth, arrange, order. 3. soothe, compose. 13. tranquillity.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

ruffle

2 [ruhf-uhl]
noun
1.
a low, continuous beating of a drum.
verb (used with object), ruffled, ruffling.
2.
to beat (a drum) in this manner.

Origin:
1715–25; archaic ruff in same sense (perhaps imitative) + -le

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
ruffle1 (ˈrʌfəl)
 
vb
1.  to make, be, or become irregular or rumpled: to ruffle a child's hair; a breeze ruffling the water
2.  to annoy, irritate, or be annoyed or irritated
3.  (tr) to make into a ruffle; pleat
4.  (of a bird) to erect (its feathers) in anger, display, etc
5.  (tr) to flick (cards, pages, etc) rapidly with the fingers
 
n
6.  an irregular or disturbed surface
7.  a strip of pleated material used for decoration or as a trim
8.  zoology another name for ruff
9.  annoyance or irritation
 
[C13: of Germanic origin; compare Middle Low German ruffelen to crumple, Old Norse hrufla to scratch]

ruffle2 (ˈrʌfəl)
 
n
1.  a low continuous drumbeat
 
vb
2.  (tr) to beat (a drum) with a low repetitive beat
 
[C18: from earlier ruff, of imitative origin]

ruffle3 (ˈrʌfəl)
 
vb
archaic (intr) to behave riotously or arrogantly; swagger
 
[C15: of obscure origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ruffle
c.1300, "to disturb the smoothness of," perhaps from O.N. hrufla "to scratch," or Low Ger. ruffelen "to wrinkle, curl," both of unknown origin. Meaning "disarrange" (hair or feathers) first recorded 1490; sense of "annoy, distract" is from 1658. The noun meaning "ornamental frill" is from 1707.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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