ruminant

[roo-muh-nuhnt]
noun
1.
any even-toed, hoofed mammal of the suborder Ruminantia, being comprised of cloven-hoofed, cud-chewing quadrupeds, and including, besides domestic cattle, bison, buffalo, deer, antelopes, giraffes, camels, and chevrotains.
adjective
2.
ruminating; chewing the cud.
3.
contemplative; meditative: a ruminant scholar.

Origin:
1655–65; < Latin rūminant- (stem of rūmināns, present participle of rūminārī, rūmināre to chew cud, meditate), equivalent to rūmin- (stem of rūmen) rumen + -ant- -ant

ruminantly, adverb
nonruminant, noun, adjective
unruminant, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
ruminant (ˈruːmɪnənt)
 
n
1.  any artiodactyl mammal of the suborder Ruminantia, the members of which chew the cud and have a stomach of four compartments, one of which is the rumen. The group includes deer, antelopes, cattle, sheep, and goats
2.  any other animal that chews the cud, such as a camel
 
adj
3.  of, relating to, or belonging to the suborder Ruminantia
4.  (of members of this suborder and related animals, such as camels) chewing the cud; ruminating
5.  meditating or contemplating in a slow quiet way

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ruminant
1661, from L. ruminantem (nom. ruminans), prp. of ruminare "to chew the cud" (see ruminate).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

ruminant ru·mi·nant (rōō'mə-nənt)
n.
Any of various hoofed, even-toed, usually horned mammals of the suborder Ruminantia, such as cattle, sheep, goats, deer, and giraffes, characteristically having a stomach divided into four compartments and chewing a cud consisting of regurgitated, partially digested food.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
ruminant   (r'mə-nənt)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of various even-toed hoofed mammals of the suborder Ruminantia. Ruminants usually have a stomach divided into four compartments (called the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum), and chew a cud consisting of regurgitated, partially digested food. Ruminants include cattle, sheep, goats, deer, giraffes, antelopes, and camels.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
There is another consideration in some areas, and that is the vast number of
  ruminants such as deer wandering the roads.
Indoor cow-sheds should recover the ruminants' methane emissions.
Many stretched their hay reserves by mixing horse dung with it to feed to
  ruminants.
We've taken a big risk by turning ruminants into unwitting cannibals and
  carnivores.
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