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counter3

[koun-ter] /ˈkaʊn tər/
adverb
1.
in the wrong way; contrary to the right course; in the reverse or opposite direction.
2.
contrary; in opposition (usually preceded by run or go):
to run counter to the rules.
adjective
3.
opposite; opposed; contrary.
noun
4.
something that is opposite or contrary to something else.
5.
a blow delivered in receiving or parrying another blow, as in boxing.
6.
a statement or action made to refute, oppose, or nullify another statement or action.
7.
Fencing. a circular parry.
8.
a piece of leather or other material inserted between the lining and outside leather of a shoe or boot quarter to keep it stiff.
9.
Nautical. the part of a stern that overhangs and projects aft of the sternpost of a vessel.
10.
Also called void. Typesetting. any part of the face of a type that is less than type-high and is therefore not inked.
11.
Engineering, Building Trades. a truss member subject to stress only under certain partial loadings of the truss.
12.
the part of a horse's breast that lies between the shoulders and under the neck.
verb (used with object)
13.
to go counter to; oppose; controvert.
14.
to meet or answer (a move, blow, etc.) by another in return.
verb (used without object)
15.
to make a counter or opposing move.
16.
to give a blow while receiving or parrying one, as in boxing.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English countre < Anglo-French co(u)ntre, cuntre, Old French contre < Latin contrā against. See counter-
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for run counter

counter1

/ˈkaʊntə/
noun
1.
a horizontal surface, as in a shop or bank, over which business is transacted
2.
(in some cafeterias) a long table on which food is served to customers
3.
  1. a small flat disc of wood, metal, or plastic, used in various board games
  2. a similar disc or token used as an imitation coin
4.
a person or thing that may be used or manipulated
5.
a skating figure consisting of three circles
6.
(under-the-counter when prenominal) under the counter, (of the sale of goods, esp goods in short supply) clandestine, surreptitious, or illegal; not in an open manner
7.
(over-the-counter when prenominal) over the counter, (of security transactions) through a broker rather than on a stock exchange
Word Origin
C14: from Old French comptouer, ultimately from Latin computāre to compute

counter2

/ˈkaʊntə/
adverb
1.
in a contrary direction or manner
2.
in a wrong or reverse direction
3.
run counter to, to have a contrary effect or action to
adjective
4.
opposing; opposite; contrary
noun
5.
something that is contrary or opposite to some other thing
6.
an act, effect, or force that opposes another
7.
a return attack, such as a blow in boxing
8.
(fencing) a parry in which the foils move in a circular fashion
9.
the portion of the stern of a boat or ship that overhangs the water aft of the rudder
10.
(printing) Also called void. the inside area of a typeface that is not type high, such as the centre of an "o", and therefore does not print
11.
the part of a horse's breast under the neck and between the shoulders
12.
a piece of leather forming the back of a shoe
verb
13.
to say or do (something) in retaliation or response
14.
(transitive) to move, act, or perform in a manner or direction opposite to (a person or thing)
15.
to return the attack of (an opponent)
Word Origin
C15: from Old French contre, from Latin contrā against

counter3

/ˈkaʊntə/
noun
1.
a person who counts
2.
an apparatus that records the number of occurrences of events
3.
any instrument for detecting or counting ionizing particles or photons See Geiger counter, scintillation counter, crystal counter
4.
(electronics) another name for scaler (sense 2)
Word Origin
C14: from Old French conteor, from Latin computātor; see count1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for run counter

counter

n.

mid-14c., "table where a money lender does business," from Old French contouer, comptoir (14c.) "counting room, table of a bank," from Medieval Latin computatorium "place of accounts," from Latin computatus, past participle of computare (see compute). Generalized 19c. from banks to shops, then extended to display cases for goods. Phrase under the counter is from 1926.

v.

"go against," late 14c., from Old French countre "facing opposite" (see counter-). Related: Countered; countering. As an adverb, from mid-15c.; as an adjective, from 1590s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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run counter in Medicine

counter count·er (koun'tər)
n.
One that counts, especially an electronic or mechanical device that automatically counts occurrences or repetitions of phenomena or events.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for run counter

counter

Related Terms

comma-counter, bean counter


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with run counter
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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