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run-down

[ruhn-doun] /ˈrʌnˈdaʊn/
adjective
1.
fatigued; weary; exhausted.
2.
in a state of poor health:
He was in a run-down condition from months of overwork.
3.
in neglected condition; fallen into disrepair:
a run-down house.
4.
(of a spring-operated device) not running because it is unwound.
Origin
1675-1685
1675-85; adj. use of verb phrase run down
Synonyms
3. seedy, tacky, shabby, deteriorated.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for run-down

run down

verb (mainly adverb)
1.
to cause or allow (an engine, battery, etc) to lose power gradually and cease to function or (of an engine, battery, etc) to do this
2.
to decline or reduce in number or size: the firm ran down its sales force
3.
(transitive, usually passive) to tire, sap the strength of, or exhaust: he was thoroughly run down and needed a holiday
4.
(transitive) to criticize adversely; denigrate; decry
5.
(transitive) to hit and knock to the ground with a moving vehicle
6.
(nautical)
  1. (transitive) to collide with and cause to sink
  2. (intransitive, preposition) to navigate so as to move parallel to (a coast)
7.
(transitive) to pursue and find or capture: to run down a fugitive
8.
(transitive) to read swiftly or perfunctorily: he ran down their list of complaints
adjective
9.
tired; exhausted
10.
worn-out, shabby, or dilapidated
noun
11.
a brief review, résumé, or summary
12.
the process of a motor or mechanism coming gradually to a standstill after the source of power is removed
13.
a reduction in number or size
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for run-down
adj.

1866, of persons, with reference to health, from verbal phrase, from run (v.) + down (adv.). From 1896 of places; 1894 of clocks. Earliest sense is "oppressed" (1680s).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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