Ruthenian

Ruthenian

[roo-thee-nee-uhn, -theen-yuhn]
adjective
1.
of or pertaining to the Little Russians, especially a division of them dwelling in Galicia, Ruthenia, and neighboring regions.
noun
2.
one of the Ruthenian people.
3.
the dialect of Ukrainian spoken in Ruthenia.
4.
a member of a former Orthodox religious group that entered into communion with the Roman Catholic Church in 1596 and became the “Uniate Church of the Little Russians.”

Origin:
1840–50; Rutheni(a) + -an

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World English Dictionary
Ruthenian (ruːˈθiːnɪən)
 
adj
1.  of or relating to Ruthenia, its people, or their dialect of Ukrainian
 
n
2.  a dialect of Ukrainian
3.  a native or inhabitant of Ruthenia

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Ruthenian
1850, of or pertaining to the Ukrainian people (earlier Ruthene, 1548), from M.L. Rutheni "the Little Russians," a derivative of Russi (see Russia). For consonant change, cf. M.L. Prut(h)eni, from Prussi "Prussians." The element Ruthenium (1848) was so named because it was
first noted in ores from the Ural Mountains.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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