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Laurel

[lawr-uh l, lor-] /ˈlɔr əl, ˈlɒr-/
noun
1.
Stan (Arthur Stanley Jefferson) 1890–1965, U.S. motion-picture actor and comedian, born in England.
2.
a city in SE Mississippi.
3.
a town in central Maryland.
4.
a female given name.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for s. laurel

laurel

/ˈlɒrəl/
noun
1.
Also called bay, true laurel. any lauraceous tree of the genus Laurus, such as the bay tree (see bay4) and L. canariensis, of the Canary Islands and Azores
2.
any lauraceous plant
4.
spurge laurel, a European thymelaeaceous evergreen shrub, Daphne laureola, with glossy leaves and small green flowers
5.
spotted laurel, Japan laurel, an evergreen cornaceous shrub, Aucuba japonica, of S and SE Asia, the female of which has yellow-spotted leaves
6.
(pl) a wreath of true laurel, worn on the head as an emblem of victory or honour in classical times
7.
(pl) honour, distinction, or fame
8.
look to one's laurels, to be on guard against one's rivals
9.
rest on one's laurels, to be satisfied with distinction won by past achievements and cease to strive for further achievements
verb -rels, -relling, -relled (US) -rels, -reling, -reled
10.
(transitive) to crown with laurels
Word Origin
C13 lorer, from Old French lorier laurel tree, ultimately from Latin laurus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for s. laurel

laurel

n.

c.1300, lorrer, from Old French laurier (12c.), from Latin laurus "laurel tree," probably related to Greek daphne "laurel" (for change of d- to l- see lachrymose), probably from a pre-IE Mediterranean language. The change of second -r- to -l- after mid-14c. is by dissimilation. An emblem of victory or of distinction, hence the phrase to rest (originally repose) on one's laurels, first attested 1831.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with s. laurel
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for s. laurel

Laurel

city, Prince George's county, central Maryland, U.S., on the Patuxent River midway between Washington, D.C., and Baltimore. The land was patented to Richard Snowden, who arrived about 1658 and founded the community. Montpelier Mansion (1783; Georgian), built by Thomas Snowden, is now owned by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission. The town was named for the local laurel trees. After World War II the community experienced growth as a residential and industrial centre. The Applied Physics Laboratory of Johns Hopkins University is there. Laurel Park racecourse offers Thoroughbred racing and was the site of the annual Washington D.C. International horse race from 1952 until 1995, when the race was discontinued. The Patuxent Wildlife Research Center within Patuxent Research Refuge (southeast) is between Fort George G. Meade (an army base) and the National Agricultural Research Center. T. Howard Duckett (Rocky Gorge) Reservoir and Dam are immediately northwest. Inc. town, 1870. Pop. (1990) 19,438; (2000) 19,960.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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