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Sabbatical

[suh-bat-i-kuh l] /səˈbæt ɪ kəl/
adjective
1.
of or pertaining or appropriate to the Sabbath.
2.
(lowercase) of or pertaining to a sabbatical year.
3.
(lowercase) bringing a period of rest.
noun
4.
(lowercase) sabbatical year.
5.
(lowercase) any extended period of leave from one's customary work, especially for rest, to acquire new skills or training, etc.
Also, Sabbatic.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; < Greek sabbatikós (sábbat(on) Sabbath + -ikos -ic) + -al1
Related forms
Sabbatically, adverb
Sabbaticalness, noun
non-Sabbatic, adjective, noun
non-Sabbatical, adjective, noun
non-Sabbatically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Sabbatical

sabbatical

/səˈbætɪkəl/
adjective
1.
denoting a period of leave granted to university staff, teachers, etc, esp approximately every seventh year: a sabbatical year, sabbatical leave
2.
denoting a post that renders the holder eligible for such leave
noun
3.
any sabbatical period
Word Origin
C16: from Greek sabbatikos; see Sabbath

Sabbatical

/səˈbætɪkəl/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or appropriate to the Sabbath as a day of rest and religious observance
noun
2.
short for sabbatical year
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Sabbatical

sabbatical

adj.

1640s, "of or suitable for the Sabbath," from Latin sabbaticus, from Greek sabbatikos "of the Sabbath" (see Sabbath). Noun meaning "a year's absence granted to researchers" (originally one year in seven, to university professors) is from 1934, short for sabbatical year, etc., first recorded 1886 (the thing itself is attested from 1880, at Harvard), related to sabbatical year (1590s) in Mosaic law, the seventh year, in which land was to remain untilled and debtors and slaves released.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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