of or pertaining or appropriate to the sabbath.
(lowercase) of or pertaining to a sabbatical year.
(lowercase) bringing a period of rest.
(lowercase) sabbatical year.
(lowercase) any extended period of leave from one's customary work, especially for rest, to acquire new skills or training, etc.
Also, Sabbatic.

1605–15; < Greek sabbatikós (sábbat(on) Sabbath + -ikos -ic) + -al1

Sabbatically, adverb
Sabbaticalness, noun
non-Sabbatic, adjective, noun
non-Sabbatical, adjective, noun
non-Sabbatically, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To sabbaticals
World English Dictionary
sabbatical (səˈbætɪkəl)
1.  denoting a period of leave granted to university staff, teachers, etc, esp approximately every seventh year: a sabbatical year; sabbatical leave
2.  denoting a post that renders the holder eligible for such leave
3.  any sabbatical period
[C16: from Greek sabbatikos; see Sabbath]

Sabbatical (səˈbætɪkəl)
1.  of, relating to, or appropriate to the Sabbath as a day of rest and religious observance
2.  short for sabbatical year

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1645, "of or suitable for the Sabbath," from L. sabbaticus, from Gk. sabbatikos "of the Sabbath" (see Sabbath). Meaning "a year's absence granted to researchers" (originally one year in seven, to university professors) first recorded 1886 (the thing itself is attested from
1880, at Harvard), related to sabbatical year (1599) in Mosaic law, the seventh year, in which land was to remain untilled and debtors and slaves released.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
One of the more creative options for employers is to offer flexible working
  hours and sabbaticals.
Tenure is the typical target, of course, but summers and sabbaticals are also
  part of the mix.
Let's look at how this strategy might work in three key areas: publishing,
  scientific conferences, and sabbaticals.
Nearly all such librarians can participate in campus governance, and many are
  eligible for sabbaticals.
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