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saber

[sey-ber] /ˈseɪ bər/
noun
1.
a heavy, one-edged sword, usually slightly curved, used especially by cavalry.
2.
a soldier armed with such a sword.
3.
Fencing.
  1. a sword having two cutting edges and a blunt point.
  2. the art or sport of fencing with the saber, with the target being limited to the head, trunk, and arms, and hits being made with the front edge and the upper part of the back edge of the sword and by thrusts.
verb (used with object)
4.
to strike, wound, or kill with a saber.
Also, especially British, sabre.
Origin
1670-1680
1670-80; < French sabre, sable < German Sabel (now Säbel), earlier sewel, schebel < Polish szabla; compare Czech šavle, Serbo-Croatian sȁblja, Russian sáblya sword, saber, perhaps all ultimately < Hungarian szablya, though derivation and transmission uncertain
Related forms
saberlike, adjective
unsabered, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for saber
  • Jack uses this weapon but was useless against the shadow saber.
  • Shadow saber this is the personal blade of the shadow ranger.
British Dictionary definitions for saber

saber

/ˈseɪbə/
noun, verb
1.
the US spelling of sabre

sabre

/ˈseɪbə/
noun
1.
a stout single-edged cavalry sword, having a curved blade
2.
a sword used in fencing, having a narrow V-shaped blade, a semicircular guard, and a slightly curved hand
3.
a cavalry soldier
verb
4.
(transitive) to injure or kill with a sabre
Word Origin
C17: via French from German (dialect) Sabel, from Middle High German sebel, perhaps from Magyar száblya; compare Russian sablya sabre
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for saber
saber
"single-edged sword," 1680, from Fr. sabre "heavy, curved sword" (17c.), alteration of sable (1640), from Ger. Sabel, probably ult. from Hung. szablya "saber," lit. "tool to cut with," from szabni "to cut." The Slavic words (cf. Rus. sablya, Polish szabla "sword, saber") are perhaps also from Ger. It. sciabla seems to be directly from Hungarian. Saber-rattling "militarism" is attested from 1922. Saber-toothed cat (originally tiger) is attested from 1849.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for saber

heavy military sword with a long cutting edge and, often, a curved blade. Most commonly a cavalry weapon, the sabre was derived from a Hungarian cavalry sword introduced from the Orient in the 18th century; also a light fencing weapon developed in Italy in the 19th century for duelling. The military sabre had been relegated to a ceremonial role by the 20th century, while the fencing sabre had become one of the sport's standard weapons

Learn more about saber with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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