Sachemship

sachem

[sey-chuhm]
noun
1.
a.
the chief of a tribe.
b.
the chief of a confederation.
2.
a member of the governing body of the League of the iroquois.
3.
one of the high officials in the Tammany Society.
4.
Slang. a political party leader.

Origin:
1615–25, Americanism; < southeastern New England Algonquian (compare Narragansett (E spelling) sâchim, saunchum, Massachusett sontim) < Proto-Algonquian *sa˙kima˙wa; cf. sagamore

sachemdom, noun
sachemic [sey-chem-ik, sey-chuh-mik] , adjective
sachemship, noun
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World English Dictionary
sachem (ˈseɪtʃəm)
 
n
1.  (US) a leader of a political party or organization, esp of Tammany Hall
2.  another name for sagamore
 
[C17: from Narraganset sǎchim chief]
 
sachemic
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sachem
chief of an Amer. Indian tribe, 1622, from Narragansett (Algonquian) sachimau "chief, ruler," cognate with Abenaki sangman, Delaware sakima, Micmac sakumow, Penobscot sagumo (source of sagamore, 1613). Applied jocularly to a prominent member of any society from 1684; specific political use in U.S. is
from 1890, from its use as the title of the 12 high officials of the Tammany Society of New York.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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