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sackbut

[sak-buht] /ˈsækˌbʌt/
noun
1.
a medieval form of the trombone.
2.
Bible. an ancient stringed musical instrument. Dan. 3.
Origin
1495-1505
1495-1505; < Middle French saquebute, earlier saqueboute, saquebot(t)e orig., a kind of hooked lance, apparently with saque (it) pulls (see saccade); identity of 2nd element uncertain
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for sackbut
  • The sackbut responds very well to rather soft playing more so than a modern trombone.
British Dictionary definitions for sackbut

sackbut

/ˈsækˌbʌt/
noun
1.
a medieval form of trombone
Word Origin
C16: from French saqueboute, from Old French saquer to pull + bouter to push; see butt³: used in the Bible (Daniel 3) as a mistranslation of Aramaic sabb'ka stringed instrument
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sackbut
n.

medieval wind instrument, c.1500, from French saquebute, a bass trumpet with a slide like a trombone; presumably identical with Old North French saqueboute (14c.), "a lance with an iron hook for pulling down mounted men," said to be from Old North French saquier "to pull, draw" + bouter "to thrust," from Germanic *buton (see butt (v.)). Originally in English with many variant spellings, including sagbutt, shakbott, shagbush.

In Dan. iii:5, used wrongly to translate Aramaic sabbekha, name of a stringed instrument (translated correctly in Septuagint as sambuke, and in Vulgate as sambuca, both names of stringed instruments, and probably ultimately cognate with the Aramaic word). The error began with Coverdale (1535), who evidently thought it was a wind instrument and rendered it with shawm; the Geneva translators, evidently following Coverdale, chose sackbut because it sounded like the original Aramaic word, and this was followed in KJV and Revised versions.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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sackbut in the Bible

(Chald. sabkha; Gr. sambuke), a Syrian stringed instrument resembling a harp (Dan. 3:5, 7, 10, 15); not the modern sackbut, which is a wind instrument.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for sackbut

(from Old French saqueboute: "pull-push"), early trombone, invented in the 15th century, probably in Burgundy. It has thicker walls than the modern trombone, imparting a softer tone, and its bell is narrower.

Learn more about sackbut with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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15
18
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