[saf-ruh-neen, -nin]
noun Chemistry.
any of a class of chiefly red organic dyes, phenazine derivatives, used for dyeing wool, silk, etc.
Also called phenosafranine. a purplish-red, water-soluble dye, C 1 8 H 1 4 N 4 , used for textiles and as a stain in microscopy.
Also, safranin [saf-ruh-nin] .

1865–70; < French or German safran saffron + -ine -ine2 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
safranine or safranin (ˈsæfrənɪn, -ˌniːn, ˈsæfrənɪn, -ˌniːn)
any of a class of azine dyes, used for textiles and biological stains
[C19: from French safransaffron + -ine²]
safranin or safranin
[C19: from French safransaffron + -ine²]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

safranine saf·ra·nine (sāf'rə-nēn', -nĭn) or saf·ra·nin (-nĭn)
Any of a family of dyes based on phenazine, used in the textile industry and as a biological stain.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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