city, central Madhya Pradesh state, central India. Sagar was founded by Udan Singh in 1660 and was constituted a municipality in 1867. It is situated around a lake (Hindi: sagar). A major road and agricultural-trade centre, it has industries such as oil and flour milling, sawmilling, ghee (clarified butter) processing, handloom cotton weaving, bidi (cigarette) manufacture, and railway and engineering works. The old Maratha fort (completed in 1780) now houses a police training school. The city also has an industrial school and a school of horsemanship and is the seat of the Doctor Hari Singh Gour University (1946) and several affiliated colleges.
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