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cathedral city, historic and present county of Pembrokeshire, Wales, in the Alun river valley. Situated in an area important for Celtic Christianity, St. David's Cathedral became a medieval pilgrimage centre of considerable significance. The main portion of the present cathedral was built in the late 12th century in the transitional Norman style, but many additions were made to it over the next 350 years, and periodic repairs were necessitated following damage during the Reformation and the English Civil Wars (1640s). Extensive restoration of the building occurred in the 19th century. St. David's is the largest cathedral in Wales. Nearby are the ruins of the College of St. Mary (founded c. 1377) and of the early 14th-century bishop's palace. St. David's city-the smallest city in Great Britain and in fact no larger than a village-consists of four streets meeting in Cross Square, the ancient marketplace. Pop. (2001) 1,797.