saint

[seynt]
noun
1.
any of certain persons of exceptional holiness of life, formally recognized as such by the Christian Church, especially by canonization.
2.
a person of great holiness, virtue, or benevolence.
3.
a founder, sponsor, or patron, as of a movement or organization.
4.
(in certain religious groups) a designation applied by the members to themselves.
verb (used with object)
5.
to enroll formally among the saints recognized by the Church.
6.
to give the name of saint to; reckon as a saint.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English (noun and v.) < Old French (noun) < Latin sānctus sacred, adj. use of past participle of sancīre to consecrate, equivalent to sanc- (akin to sacer sacred) + -tus past participle suffix; replacing Old English sanct < Latin, as above

saintless, adjective
outsaint, verb (used with object)
supersaint, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
saint (seɪnt, (unstressed) sənt)
 
n
1.  a person who after death is formally recognized by a Christian Church, esp the Roman Catholic Church, as having attained, through holy deeds or behaviour, a specially exalted place in heaven and the right to veneration
2.  a person of exceptional holiness or goodness
3.  (plural) Bible the collective body of those who are righteous in God's sight
 
vb
4.  (tr) to canonize; recognize formally as a saint
 
[C12: from Old French, from Latin sanctus holy, from sancīre to hallow]
 
'saintdom
 
n
 
'saintless
 
adj
 
'saintlike
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

saint
early 12c., from O.Fr. seinte, altering O.E. sanct, both from L. sanctus "holy, consecrated" (used as a noun in L.L.), prop. pp. of sancire "consecrate" (see sacred). Adopted into most Gmc. languages (cf. O.Fris. sankt, Du. sint, Ger. Sanct). Originally an adj. prefixed to
the name of a canonized person; by c.1300 it came to be regarded as a noun.
"Saint - A dead sinner revised and edited. The Duchess of Orleans relates that the irreverent old calumniator, Marshal Villeroi, who in his youth had known St. Francis de Sales, said, on hearing him called saint: 'I am delighted to hear that Monsieur de Sales is a saint. He was fond of saying indelicate things, and used to cheat at cards. In other respects he was a perfect gentleman, though a fool.' " [Ambrose Bierce, "Devil's Dictionary," 1911]
Meaning "person of extraordinary holiness" is recorded from 1563. The verb meaning "to enroll (someone) among the saints" is attested from late 14c. Applied widely to living things, diseases, objects and phenomena, e.g. Saint Bernard, the breed of mastiff dogs (1839), so called because they were used by the monks of the hospice of the pass of St. Bernard (between Italy and Switzerland) to rescue snowbound travelers; St. Elmo's Fire "corposant" (1560s) is from It. fuoco di Sant'Elmo, named for the patron saint of Mediterranean sailors, a corruption of the name of St. Erasmus, an Italian bishop martyred in 303.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

saint definition


In Christianity, a holy person, living or dead; a person who has been saved (see salvation). Saint is the French word for “holy.” Many churches reserve the title of saint for persons who have died faithful to their Christian commitment. The Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church require certain procedures before people can be officially named saints; this procedure is called canonization.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Saint definition


one separated from the world and consecrated to God; one holy by profession and by covenant; a believer in Christ (Ps. 16:3; Rom. 1:7; 8:27; Phil. 1:1; Heb. 6:10). The "saints" spoken of in Jude 1:14 are probably not the disciples of Christ, but the "innumerable company of angels" (Heb. 12:22; Ps. 68:17), with reference to Deut. 33:2. This word is also used of the holy dead (Matt. 27:52; Rev. 18:24). It was not used as a distinctive title of the apostles and evangelists and of a "spiritual nobility" till the fourth century. In that sense it is not a scriptural title.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Scientists individually don't have to be saints in order for science overall to
  progress towards finding the truth.
And whatever details is given in these literature are proved by the method of
  spiritual practice by several saints.
He notes that disinterestedness is different from altruism, and that scientists
  needn't be saints.
Prosperity has indeed taken hold in the land of saints and scholars.
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