salmonellae

salmonella

[sal-muh-nel-uh]
noun, plural salmonellae [sal-muh-nel-ee] . Bacteriology.
any of several rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic bacteria of the genus Salmonella, as S. typhosa, that may enter the digestive tract of humans and other mammals in contaminated food and cause abdominal pains and violent diarrhea.

Origin:
< Neo-Latin (1900), after Daniel E. Salmon (1850–1914), U.S. pathologist; see -ella

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World English Dictionary
salmonella (ˌsælməˈnɛlə)
 
n , pl -lae
any Gram-negative rod-shaped aerobic bacterium of the genus Salmonella, including S. typhosa, which causes typhoid fever, and many species (notably S. enteritidis) that cause food poisoning (salmonellosis): family Enterobacteriaceae
 
[C19: New Latin, named after Daniel E. Salmon (1850--1914), US veterinary surgeon]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

salmonella
1913, the genus name, coined 1900 in Mod.L. by J. Lignières in reference to U.S. veterinary surgeon Daniel E. Salmon (1850-1914), who isolated a type of the bacteria in 1885.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

salmonella sal·mo·nel·la (sāl'mə-něl'ə)
n. pl. sal·mo·nel·lae (-něl'ē) or sal·mo·nel·las or salmonella
Any of various gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Salmonella, many of which are pathogenic, causing food poisoning, typhoid, and paratyphoid fever in humans and other infectious diseases in domestic animals.

Salmonella n.
A genus of aerobic to facultatively anaerobic gram-negative bacteria that are pathogenic in humans and animals.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
salmonella   (sāl'mə-něl'ə)  Pronunciation Key 
Plural salmonellae (sāl'mə-něl'ē) or salmonellas
Any of various gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Salmonella that cause food poisoning and typhoid fever in humans and other mammals.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
salmonella [(sal-muh-nel-uh)]

A category of bacteria that occurs in many pathogenic forms. One kind causes typhoid fever; there is evidence that other kinds cause various forms of food poisoning.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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