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barley-sugar column

in architecture, a twisted column, so called because, at the Apostle's tomb in Old St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, there were similar columns, which, according to legend, had been imported from the Temple of Solomon in ancient Jerusalem. When Gian Lorenzo Bernini worked at New St. Peter's, he echoed the salomonica design in the columns that supported the baldachin, or canopy, over the altar above the tomb.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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