salts away

salt

1 [sawlt]
noun
1.
a crystalline compound, sodium chloride, NaCl, occurring as a mineral, a constituent of seawater, etc., and used for seasoning food, as a preservative, etc.
2.
table salt mixed with a particular herb or seasoning for which it is named: garlic salt; celery salt.
3.
Chemistry. any of a class of compounds formed by the replacement of one or more hydrogen atoms of an acid with elements or groups, which are composed of anions and cations, and which usually ionize in solution; a product formed by the neutralization of an acid by a base.
4.
salts, any of various salts used as purgatives, as Epsom salts.
5.
an element that gives liveliness, piquancy, or pungency: Anecdotes are the salt of his narrative.
6.
wit; pungency.
7.
a small, usually open dish, as of silver or glass, used on the table for holding salt.
8.
Informal. a sailor, especially an old or experienced one.
verb (used with object)
9.
to season with salt.
10.
to cure, preserve, or treat with salt.
11.
to furnish with salt: to salt cattle.
12.
to treat with common salt or with any chemical salt.
13.
to spread salt, especially rock salt, on so as to melt snow or ice: The highway department salted the roads after the storm.
14.
to introduce rich ore or other valuable matter fraudulently into (a mine, the ground, a mineral sample, etc.) to create a false impression of value.
15.
to add interest or excitement to: a novel salted with witty dialogue.
adjective
16.
containing salt; having the taste of salt: salt water.
17.
cured or preserved with salt: salt cod.
18.
inundated by or growing in salt water: salt marsh.
19.
producing the one of the four basic taste sensations that is not sweet, sour, or bitter.
20.
pungent or sharp: salt speech.
Verb phrases
21.
salt away,
a.
Also, salt down. to preserve by adding quantities of salt to, as meat.
b.
Informal. to keep in reserve; store away; save: to salt away most of one's earnings.
22.
salt out, to separate (a dissolved substance) from a solution by the addition of a salt, especially common salt.
Idioms
23.
with a grain of salt, with reserve or allowance; with an attitude of skepticism: Diplomats took the reports of an impending crisis with a grain of salt.
24.
worth one's salt, deserving of one's wages or salary: We couldn't find an assistant worth her salt.

Origin:
before 900; (noun and adj.) Middle English; Old English sealt; cognate with German Salz, Old Norse, Gothic salt; akin to Latin sāl, Greek háls (see halo-); (v.) Middle English salten, Old English s(e)altan; compare Old High German salzan, Old Norse salta, Dutch zouten; see salary

saltlike, adjective


5. flavor, savor. 8. See sailor.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
salt (sɔːlt)
 
n
1.  a white powder or colourless crystalline solid, consisting mainly of sodium chloride and used for seasoning and preserving food
2.  (modifier) preserved in, flooded with, containing, or growing in salt or salty water: salt pork; salt marshes
3.  chem any of a class of usually crystalline solid compounds that are formed from, or can be regarded as formed from, an acid and a base by replacement of one or more hydrogen atoms in the acid molecules by positive ions from the base
4.  liveliness or pungency: his wit added salt to the discussion
5.  dry or laconic wit
6.  a sailor, esp one who is old and experienced
7.  short for saltcellar
8.  rub salt into someone's wounds to make someone's pain, shame, etc, even worse
9.  salt of the earth a person or group of people regarded as the finest of their kind
10.  with a grain of salt, with a pinch of salt with reservations; sceptically
11.  worth one's salt efficient; worthy of one's pay
 
vb (often foll by down or away)
12.  to season or preserve with salt
13.  to scatter salt over (an icy road, path, etc) to melt the ice
14.  to add zest to
15.  to preserve or cure with salt or saline solution
16.  chem to treat with common salt or other chemical salt
17.  to provide (cattle, etc) with salt
18.  to give a false appearance of value to, esp to introduce valuable ore fraudulently into (a mine, sample, etc)
 
adj
19.  not sour, sweet, or bitter; salty
20.  obsolete rank or lascivious (esp in the phrase a salt wit)
 
[Old English sealt; related to Old Norse, Gothic salt, German Salz, Lettish sāls, Latin sāl, Greek hals]
 
'saltish
 
adj
 
'saltless
 
adj
 
'saltlike
 
adj
 
'saltness
 
n

SALT (sɔːlt)
 
n acronym for
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks or Treaty

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

salt
O.E. sealt (n. and adj.), from P.Gmc. *saltom (cf. O.S., O.N., O.Fris., Goth. salt, Du. zout, Ger. Salz), from PIE *sal- "salt" (cf. Gk. hals (gen. halos) "salt, sea," L. sal, O.C.S. soli, O.Ir. salann, Welsh halen, O.C.S. sali "salt"). Meaning "experienced sailor" is first attested 1840, in ref. to
the salinity of the sea. Salt was long regarded as having power to repel spiritual and magical evil. Many metaphoric uses reflect that this was once a rare and important resource, cf. worth one's salt (1830), salt of the earth (O.E., after Matt. v:13). Belief that spilling salt brings bad luck is attested from 16c. To be above (or below) the salt (1597) refers to customs of seating at a long table according to rank or honor, and placing a large salt-cellar in the middle of the dining table. The verb is from O.E. sealtan, from P.Gmc. *salto-. Salt-lick first recorded 1751; salt marsh is O.E. sealtne mersc. Salt-and-pepper "of dark and light color" first recorded 1915. To take something with a grain of salt is from 1647, from Mod.L. cum grano salis. Saltine "salted cracker" is from 1907; salt-water taffy (1894) so called because it originally was sold at seashore resorts, esp. Atlantic City, N.J.

SALT
Cold War U.S.-U.S.S.R. nuclear weapons negotiations, 1968, acronym for "Strategic Arms Limitation Talks." The last element sometimes also is understood as treaty.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

salt (sôlt)
n.

  1. A colorless or white crystalline solid, chiefly sodium chloride, used extensively as a food seasoning and preservative.

  2. A chemical compound replacing all or part of the hydrogen ions of an acid with metal ions or electropositive radicals.

  3. salts Any of various mineral salts, such as magnesium sulfate, sodium sulfate, or potassium sodium tartrate, used as laxatives or cathartics.

  4. salts Smelling salts.

  5. salts Epsom salts.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
salt  [%PREMIUM_LINK%]     (sôlt)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. Any of a large class of chemical compounds formed when a positively charged ion (a cation) bonds with a negatively charged ion (an anion), as when a halogen bonds with a metal. Salts are water soluble; when dissolved, the ions are freed from each other, and the electrical conductivity of the water is increased. See more at complex salt, double salt, simple salt.

  2. A colorless or white crystalline salt in which a sodium atom (the cation) is bonded to a chlorine atom (the anion). This salt is found naturally in all animal fluids, in seawater, and in underground deposits (when it is often called halite). It is used widely as a food seasoning and preservative. Also called common salt, sodium chloride, table salt. Chemical formula: NaCl.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

salt definition


In chemistry, a compound resulting from the combination of an acid and a base, which neutralize each other.

Note: Common table salt is sodium chloride.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
SALT
  1. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks

  2. Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty

The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Salt definition


used to season food (Job 6:6), and mixed with the fodder of cattle (Isa. 30:24, "clean;" in marg. of R.V. "salted"). All meat-offerings were seasoned with salt (Lev. 2:13). To eat salt with one is to partake of his hospitality, to derive subsistence from him; and hence he who did so was bound to look after his host's interests (Ezra 4:14, "We have maintenance from the king's palace;" A.V. marg., "We are salted with the salt of the palace;" R.V., "We eat the salt of the palace"). A "covenant of salt" (Num. 18:19; 2 Chr. 13:5) was a covenant of perpetual obligation. New-born children were rubbed with salt (Ezek. 16:4). Disciples are likened unto salt, with reference to its cleansing and preserving uses (Matt. 5:13). When Abimelech took the city of Shechem, he sowed the place with salt, that it might always remain a barren soil (Judg. 9:45). Sir Lyon Playfair argues, on scientific grounds, that under the generic name of "salt," in certain passages, we are to understand petroleum or its residue asphalt. Thus in Gen. 19:26 he would read "pillar of asphalt;" and in Matt. 5:13, instead of "salt," "petroleum," which loses its essence by exposure, as salt does not, and becomes asphalt, with which pavements were made. The Jebel Usdum, to the south of the Dead Sea, is a mountain of rock salt about 7 miles long and from 2 to 3 miles wide and some hundreds of feet high.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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