Samian ware

a red-glazed terracotta pottery produced in Gaul and the Moselle Valley a.d. 100–300 and copied from Arretine ware.
Also called terra sigillata.

1835–45; after classical references to a type of pottery produced at Samos, perhaps an imitation of the red-glazed ware produced in Gaul and Italy Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Samian ware
1.  a fine earthenware pottery, reddish-brown or black in colour, found in large quantities on Roman sites
2.  Also called: Arretine ware the earlier pottery from which this developed, an imitation of a type of Greek pottery, made during the first century bc at Arretium
[C19: named after the island of Samos, source of a reddish-coloured earth resembling terra sigillata, similar to the earth from which the pottery was made]

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