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sanctum

[sangk-tuh m] /ˈsæŋk təm/
noun, plural sanctums, sancta
[sangk-tuh] /ˈsæŋk tə/ (Show IPA)
1.
a sacred or holy place.
2.
an inviolably private place or retreat.
Origin
1570-1580
1570-80; noun use of neuter of Latin sānctus; see Sanctus
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sancta

sanctum

/ˈsæŋktəm/
noun (pl) -tums, -ta (-tə)
1.
a sacred or holy place
2.
a room or place of total privacy or inviolability
Word Origin
C16: from Latin, from sanctus holy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for sancta

sanctum

n.

1570s, "holy place of the Jewish tabernacle," from Latin sanctum "a holy place," as in Late Latin sanctum sanctorum "holy of holies" (translating Greek to hagion ton hagion, translating Hebrew qodesh haqqodashim), from neuter of sanctus "holy" (see saint (n.)). In English, sanctum sanctorum attested from c.1400; in sense of "a person's private retreat" from 1706.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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