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[sand] /sænd/
the more or less fine debris of rocks, consisting of small, loose grains, often of quartz.
Usually, sands. a tract or region composed principally of sand.
the sand or a grain of sand in an hourglass.
sands, moments of time or of one's life:
At this stage of his career the sands are running out.
a light reddish- or brownish-yellow color.
Informal. courage; pluck.
sleeper (def 10).
verb (used with object)
to smooth or polish with sand, sandpaper, or some other abrasive:
to sand the ends of a board.
to sprinkle with or as if with sand:
to sand an icy road.
to fill up with sand, as a harbor.
to add sand to:
The mischievous child sanded the sugar.
draw a line in the sand, to set a limit; allow to go up to a point but no further.
Origin of sand
before 900; Middle English (noun), Old English; cognate with German Sand, Old Norse sandr
Related forms
sandable, adjective
sandless, adjective
sandlike, adjective
unsanded, adjective
well-sanded, adjective
Can be confused
sand, sediment, silt. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for sanding
Historical Examples
  • After sanding and assembling give the boat two coats of black or battle ship gray paint.

    Toy Craft Leon H. Baxter
  • When sanding is not practicable, the vines may be mown off when they become too luxuriant.

  • Building houses cheap and letting them dear; he has made more out of that than in sanding his sugar and chicorying his coffee.

    The Silent House Fergus Hume
  • Traction on grades up to 12% is easily secured by sanding the plank.

    Motor Truck Logging Methods Frederick Malcolm Knapp
  • Where sanding is done by machine, care should be taken not to sand the wood too much.

  • sanding: The continuance of the metaphor in "higher waves" are "whelming."

    The Vision of Sir Launfal James Russell Lowell
  • Hope left his message with Peg Macllrea, who was sanding the parlour.

    The Northern Iron George A. Birmingham
  • The waiters were sanding the brick pavement and setting out the tables.

    A Mummer's Tale Anatole France
  • She was sanding the dishes and putting them away when he finally remembered the ring.

    Police Your Planet Lester del Rey
  • The shoaler areas are usually indicated by sanding the outer limit or the entire area within the depth curve.

    Nautical Charts G. R. Putnam
British Dictionary definitions for sanding


loose material consisting of rock or mineral grains, esp rounded grains of quartz, between 0.05 and 2 mm in diameter
(often pl) a sandy area, esp on the seashore or in a desert
  1. a greyish-yellow colour
  2. (as adjective): sand upholstery
the grains of sandlike material in an hourglass
(US, informal) courage; grit
draw a line in the sand, to put a stop to or a limit on
the sands are running out, there is not much time left before death or the end
(transitive) to smooth or polish the surface of with sandpaper or sand: to sand a floor
(transitive) to sprinkle or cover with or as if with sand; add sand to
to fill or cause to fill with sand: the channel sanded up
Derived Forms
sandlike, adjective
Word Origin
Old English; related to Old Norse sandr, Old High German sant, Greek hamathos


/French sɑ̃d/
George (ʒɔrʒ), pen name of Amandine Aurore Lucie Dupin. 1804–76, French novelist, best known for such pastoral novels as La Mare au diable (1846) and François le Champi (1847–48) and for her works for women's rights to independence
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sanding



Old English sand, from Proto-Germanic *sandam (cf. Old Norse sandr, Old Frisian sond, Middle Dutch sant, Dutch zand, German Sand), from PIE *bhs-amadho- (cf. Greek psammos "sand;" Latin sabulum "coarse sand," source of Italian sabbia, French sable), suffixed form of root *bhes- "to rub."

Historically, the line between sand and gravel cannot be distinctly drawn. Used figuratively in Old English in reference to innumerability and instability. General Germanic, but not attested in Gothic, which used in this sense malma, related to Old High German melm "dust," the first element of the Swedish city name Malmö (the second element meaning "island"), and to Latin molere "to grind." Metaphoric for "innumerability" since Old English. Sand dollar, type of flat sea-urchin, so called from 1884, so called for its shape; sand dune attested from 1830.


late 14c., "to sprinkle with sand," from sand (n.); from 1620s as "to bury or fill in with sand." Meaning "to grind or polish with sand" is from 1858. Related: Sanded; sanding.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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sanding in Medicine

sand (sānd)
Small, loose grains of worn or disintegrated rock.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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sanding in Science
A sedimentary material consisting of small, often rounded grains or particles of disintegrated rock, smaller than granules and larger than silt. The diameter of the particles ranges from 0.0625 to 2 mm. Although sand often consists of quartz, it can consist of any other mineral or rock fragment as well. Coral sand, for example, consists of limestone fragments.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for sanding


Related Terms

go pound salt

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with sanding
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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