sans culottic

sans-culotte

[sanz-kyoo-lot, -koo-; French sahn-ky-lawt]
noun, plural sans-culottes [sanz-kyoo-lots, -koo-; French sahn-ky-lawt] .
1.
(in the French Revolution) a revolutionary of the poorer class: originally a term of contempt applied by the aristocrats but later adopted as a popular name by the revolutionaries.
2.
any extreme republican or revolutionary.

Origin:
1780–90; < French: literally, without knee breeches

sans-culottic [sanz-kyoo-lot-ik, -koo-] , adjective
sans-culottish, adjective
sans-culottism, noun
sans-culottist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sans-culotte (ˌsænzkjʊˈlɒt, French sɑ̃kylɔt)
 
n
1.  during the French Revolution
 a.  (originally) a revolutionary of the poorer class
 b.  (later) any revolutionary, esp one having extreme republican sympathies
2.  any revolutionary extremist
 
[C18: from French, literally: without knee breeches, because the revolutionaries wore pantaloons or trousers rather than knee breeches]
 
sans-cu'lottism
 
n
 
sans-cu'lottist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sans-culotte
"lower-class republican of the French Revolution," 1790, from Fr., lit. "without breeches;" see sans + cullotes. Usually explained as referring to the class whose distinctive costume was pantalons (long trousers) as opposed to the upper classes,
which wore culottes (knee-breeches), but this is not certain.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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