|—vb , -fies, -fying, -fied|
|1.||to undergo or cause to undergo a process in which a fat is converted into a soap by treatment with alkali|
|2.||to undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which an ester is hydrolysed to an acid and an alcohol as a result of treatment with an alkali|
|[C19: from French saponifier, from Latin sāpō|
saponification sa·pon·i·fi·ca·tion (sə-pŏn'ə-fĭ-kā'shən)
A reaction in which an ester is heated with an alkali, such as sodium hydroxide, producing a free alcohol and an acid salt, especially alkaline hydrolysis of a fat or an oil to make soap.
saponify sa·pon·i·fy (sə-pŏn'ə-fī')
v. sa·pon·i·fied, sa·pon·i·fy·ing, sa·pon·i·fies
To undergo saponification.