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Saracen

[sar-uh-suh n] /ˈsær ə sən/
noun
1.
History/Historical. a member of any of the nomadic tribes on the Syrian borders of the Roman Empire.
2.
(in later use) an Arab.
3.
a Muslim, especially in the period of the Crusades.
adjective
4.
Also, Saracenic
[sar-uh-sen-ik] /ˌsær əˈsɛn ɪk/ (Show IPA),
Saracenical. of or pertaining to the Saracens.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English, Old English < Medieval Latin Saracēnus < Late Greek Sarakēnós
Related forms
Saracenism, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Saracen

Saracen

/ˈsærəsən/
noun
1.
(history) a member of one of the nomadic Arabic tribes, esp of the Syrian desert, that harassed the borders of the Roman Empire in that region
2.
  1. a Muslim, esp one who opposed the crusades
  2. (in later use) any Arab
adjective
3.
of or relating to Arabs of either of these periods, regions, or types
4.
designating, characterizing, or relating to Muslim art or architecture
Derived Forms
Saracenic (ˌsærəˈsɛnɪk), Saracenical, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French Sarrazin, from Late Latin Saracēnus, from Late Greek Sarakēnos, perhaps from Arabic sharq sunrise, from shāraqa to rise
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Saracen
Saracen
O.E., "an Arab" (in Gk. and Roman translations), also, mid-13c., generally, "non-Christian, heathen, pagan," from O.Fr. saracin, from L.L. saracenus, from Gk. sarakenos, usually said to be from Arabic Sharquiyin, accusative plural of sharqiy "eastern," from sharq "east, sunrise," but this is not certain. In Medieval times the name was associated with that of Biblical Sarah (q.v.).
"Peple þat cleped hem self Saracenys, as þogh þey were i-come of Sarra" [John of Trevisa, transl. Higdon's Polychronicon, 1387]
The name Greeks and Romans gave to the nomads of the Syrian and Arabian deserts. Specific sense of "Middle Eastern Muslim" is from the Crusades.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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