|an arrangement of five objects, as trees, in a square or rectangle, one at each corner and one in the middle.|
|a calculus or concretion found in the stomach or intestines of certain animals, esp. ruminants, formerly reputed to be an effective remedy for poison.|
|1.||a novel, play, entertainment, etc, in which topical issues, folly, or evil are held up to scorn by means of ridicule and irony|
|2.||the genre constituted by such works|
|3.||the use of ridicule, irony, etc, to create such an effect|
|[C16: from Latin satira a mixture, from satur sated, from satis enough]|
"Satire (n.) - An obsolete kind of literary composition in which the vices and follies of the author's enemies were expounded with imperfect tenderness. In this country satire never had more than a sickly and uncertain existence, for the soul of it is wit, wherein we are dolefully deficient, the humor that we mistake for it, like all humor, being tolerant and sympathetic. Moreover, although Americans are 'endowed by their Creator' with abundant vice and folly, it is not generally known that these are reprehensible qualities, wherefore the satirist is popularly regarded as a sour-spirited knave, and his every victim's outcry for codefendants evokes a national assent." [Ambrose Bierce, "Devil's Dictionary," 1911]For nuances of usage, see humor.
A work of literature that mocks social conventions, another work of art, or anything its author thinks ridiculous. Gulliver's Travels, by Jonathan Swift, is a satire of eighteenth-century British society.