[sey-trap, sa-]
a governor of a province under the ancient Persian monarchy.
a subordinate ruler, often a despotic one.

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin satrapa < Greek satrápēs < Old Persian khshathra-pāvan- country-protector Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
satrap (ˈsætrəp)
1.  (in ancient Persia) a provincial governor
2.  a subordinate ruler, esp a despotic one
[C14: from Latin satrapa, from Greek satrapēs, from Old Persian khshathrapāvan, literally: protector of the land]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1380, "governor of a province of ancient Persia," from L. satrapes, from Gk. satrapes, from O.Pers. kshathrapavan-, lit. "guardian of the realm," from kshathra- "realm, province" (related to kshayathiya- "king," cognate with Skt. kshatra; cf. shah) + pavan- "guardian," from pa- "to protect."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Instead, he became a staunch pro-Western satrap with grandiose pretensions.
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