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satrap

[sey-trap, sa-] /ˈseɪ træp, ˈsæ-/
noun
1.
a governor of a province under the ancient Persian monarchy.
2.
a subordinate ruler, often a despotic one.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin satrapa < Greek satrápēs < Old Persian khshathra-pāvan- country-protector
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for satraps
  • The satraps were appointed by the shah to control the provinces.
British Dictionary definitions for satraps

satrap

/ˈsætrəp/
noun
1.
(in ancient Persia) a provincial governor
2.
a subordinate ruler, esp a despotic one
Word Origin
C14: from Latin satrapa, from Greek satrapēs, from Old Persian khshathrapāvan, literally: protector of the land
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for satraps

satrap

n.

late 14c., "governor of a province of ancient Persia," from Latin satrapes, from Greek satrapes, from Old Persian xšathrapavan-, literally "guardian of the realm," from xšathra- "realm, province" (related to xšayathiya "king," cognate with Sanskrit kshatra; cf. shah) + pavan- "guardian," from PIE *pa- "to protect, feed" (see food). Related: Satrapy.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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