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saturated

[sach-uh-rey-tid] /ˈsætʃ əˌreɪ tɪd/
adjective
1.
soaked, impregnated, or imbued thoroughly; charged thoroughly or completely; brought to a state of saturation.
2.
(of colors) of maximum chroma or purity; of the highest intensity of hue; free from admixture of white.
3.
Chemistry.
  1. (of a solution) containing the maximum amount of solute capable of being dissolved under given conditions.
  2. (of an organic compound) containing no double or triple bonds; having each single bond attached to an atom or group.
  3. (of an inorganic compound) having no free valence electrons.
Origin of saturated
1660-1670
1660-70; saturate + -ed2
Related forms
nonsaturated, adjective
subsaturated, adjective

saturate

[v. sach-uh-reyt; adj., n. sach-er-it, -uh-reyt] /v. ˈsætʃ əˌreɪt; adj., n. ˈsætʃ ər ɪt, -əˌreɪt/
verb (used with object), saturated, saturating.
1.
to cause (a substance) to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance, through solution, chemical combination, or the like.
2.
to charge to the utmost, as with magnetism.
3.
to soak, impregnate, or imbue thoroughly or completely:
to saturate a sponge with water; a town saturated with charm.
4.
to destroy (a target) completely with bombs and missiles.
5.
to send so many planes over (a target area) that the defensive electronic tracking equipment becomes ineffective.
6.
to furnish (a market) with goods to its full purchasing capacity.
verb (used without object), saturated, saturating.
7.
to become saturated.
adjective
8.
noun
9.
a saturated fat or fatty acid.
Origin
1530-40; < Latin saturātus (past participle of saturāre to fill), equivalent to satur- full, well-fed (see sad) + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
desaturate, verb (used with object), desaturated, desaturating.
oversaturate, verb (used with object), oversaturated, oversaturating.
Synonyms
3. See wet.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for saturated
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • For some days the heat was overpowering, and the atmosphere, saturated with electricity, was only cleared by violent storms.

    The Secret of the Island W.H.G. Kingston (translation from Jules Verne)
  • Distinguished from the Patrician, who was a saturated solution.

    The Devil's Dictionary Ambrose Bierce
  • The air is so saturated with saline spray that the rain will leave a slight deposit of salt after it has evaporated.

    Golden Grain Various
  • Then he smelled the strange fabric, saturated with the man-smell.

    White Fang Jack London
  • The cloth had already been saturated in various unsavoury liquids to prepare it for the stampers.

British Dictionary definitions for saturated

saturated

/ˈsætʃəˌreɪtɪd/
adjective
1.
(of a solution or solvent) containing the maximum amount of solute that can normally be dissolved at a given temperature and pressure See also supersaturated
2.
(of a colour) having a large degree of saturation
3.
(of a chemical compound)
  1. containing no multiple bonds and thus being incapable of undergoing additional reactions: a saturated hydrocarbon
  2. containing no unpaired valence electrons
4.
(of a fat, esp an animal fat) containing a high proportion of fatty acids having single bonds See also polyunsaturated, unsaturated
5.
(of a vapour) containing the equilibrium amount of gaseous material at a given temperature and pressure See also supersaturated
6.
(of a magnetic material) fully magnetized
7.
extremely wet; soaked

saturate

verb (ˈsætʃəˌreɪt)
1.
to fill, soak, or imbue totally
2.
to make (a chemical compound, vapour, solution, magnetic material, etc) saturated or (of a compound, vapour, etc) to become saturated
3.
(transitive) (military) to bomb or shell heavily
adjective (ˈsætʃərɪt; -ˌreɪt)
4.
a less common word for saturated
Derived Forms
saturater, saturator, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin saturāre, from satur sated, from satis enough
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for saturated

saturate

v.

1530s, "to satisfy, satiate," from Latin saturatus, past participle of saturare "to fill full, sate, drench," from satur "sated, full," from PIE root *sa- "to satisfy" (see sad). Meaning "soak thoroughly" first recorded 1756. Marketing sense first recorded 1958. Related: Saturated; saturating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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saturated in Medicine

saturated adj.

  1. Unable to hold or contain more; full.

  2. Soaked with moisture; drenched.

  3. Combined with or containing all the solute that can normally be dissolved at a given temperature.

  4. Having all available valence bonds filled. Used especially of organic compounds.

saturate sat·u·rate (sāch'ə-rāt')
v. sat·u·rat·ed, sat·u·rat·ing, sat·u·rates
Abbr. sat.

  1. To imbue or impregnate thoroughly.

  2. To soak, fill, or load to capacity.

  3. To cause a substance to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance.

  4. To satisfy all the chemical affinities of a substance; neutralize.

  5. To dissolve a substance up to that concentration beyond which the addition of more results in a second phase.


sat'u·ra·ble (sāch'ər-ə-bəl) adj.
sat'u·ra'tor n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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saturated in Science
saturated
  (sāch'ə-rā'tĭd)   

  1. Relating to an organic compound in which all the carbon atoms are joined by single bonds and therefore cannot be combined with any additional atoms or radicals. Propane and cyclopentane are examples of saturated hydrocarbons. Compare unsaturated.

  2. Relating to a solution that is unable to dissolve more of a solute.

  3. Containing as much water vapor as is possible at a given temperature. Air that is saturated has a relative humidity of 100 percent.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for saturated

saturated

adjective

Drunk: to keep them saturated indefinitely (1902+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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