saturnine

[sat-er-nahyn]
adjective
1.
sluggish in temperament; gloomy; taciturn.
2.
suffering from lead poisoning, as a person.
3.
due to absorption of lead, as bodily disorders.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English < Medieval Latin sāturnīnus (see Saturn, -ine1)

saturninely, adverb
saturnineness, saturninity [sat-er-nin-i-tee] , noun
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World English Dictionary
saturnine (ˈsætəˌnaɪn)
 
adj
1.  having a gloomy temperament; taciturn
2.  archaic
 a.  of or relating to lead
 b.  having or symptomatic of lead poisoning
 
[C15: from French saturnin, from Medieval Latin sāturnīnus (unattested), from Latin Sāturnus Saturn, with reference to the gloomy influence attributed to the planet Saturn]
 
'saturninely
 
adv
 
saturninity
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

saturnine
"gloomy, morose, sluggish, grave," 1433, lit. "born under the influence of the planet Saturn," from M.E. Saturne (see Saturn). Medieval physiology believed these characteristics to be caused by the astrological influence of the planet Saturn, which was the most remote from
the Sun (in the limited knowledge of the times) and thus coldest and slowest in its revolution.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

saturnine sat·ur·nine (sāt'ər-nīn')
adj.

  1. melancholy or sullen.

  2. Produced by absorption of lead.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Slow, deep curves connect this forehead to fenders containing two hooded, saturnine eyes.
Levy is wide-shouldered and tight-suited, with careful hair and a saturnine expression.
For the saturnine creature is decidedly popular right now.
He is noticeably saturnine and stiff, not to mention a little foolish-looking, with a ridge of hair across his shaven head.
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