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Satyagraha

[suht-yuh-gruh-huh, suh t-yah-gruh-] /ˈsʌt yəˌgrʌ hə, sətˈyɑ grə-/
noun, (sometimes lowercase)
1.
(in India) the policy of passive resistance inaugurated by Mohandas Gandhi in 1919 as a method of gaining political and social reforms.
Origin
1915-1920
1915-20; < Hindi, equivalent to Sanskrit satya truth + āgraha strong attachment, persistence
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Satyagraha

satyagraha

/ˈsɔːtjɑːɡrɔːhɑː/
noun
1.
the policy of nonviolent resistance adopted by Mahatma Gandhi from about 1919 to oppose British rule in India
2.
any movement of nonviolent resistance
Word Origin
via Hindi from Sanskrit, literally: insistence on truth, from satya truth + agraha fervour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for Satyagraha

satyagraha

n.

Indian form of passive resistance, 1920, in writings of M.K. Gandhi, from Sanskrit satyagraha "insistence on truth," from satya "truth, truthfulness" (from sat- "existing, true, virtuous," from PIE *es- "to be;" see essence) + agraha "pertinacity," from PIE *ghrebh- "to seize, reach" (see grab (v.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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