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saxitoxin

[sak-si-tok-sin] /ˌsæk sɪˈtɒk sɪn/
noun
1.
a powerful neurotoxin, C 1 0 H 1 7 N 7 O 4 , produced by the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax catenella, the causative agent of red tide.
Origin
1960-1965
1960-65; < Neo-Latin Saxi(domus), a clam genus infected by the dinoflagellates (equivalent to Latin sax(um) stone + -i- -i- + domus house) + toxin
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for saxitoxin
  • During red tides, blue mussels feed on dinoflagellate algae containing saxitoxin in the phytoplankton.
saxitoxin in Medicine

saxitoxin sax·i·tox·in (sāk'sĭ-tŏk'sĭn)
n.
A potent neurotoxin produced by certain dinoflagellates that accumulates in shellfish feeding on these organisms and consequently causes food poisoning in humans who eat the shellfish.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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