scalds

scald

1 [skawld]
verb (used with object)
1.
to burn or affect painfully with or as if with hot liquid or steam.
2.
to subject to the action of boiling or hot liquid.
3.
to heat to a temperature just short of the boiling point: to scald milk.
4.
to parboil or blanch (fruit, vegetables, etc.).
verb (used without object)
5.
to be or become scalded.
noun
6.
a burn caused by the action of hot liquid or steam.
7.
any similar condition, especially as the result of too much heat or sunlight.
8.
Plant Pathology.
a.
a blanching of the epidermis and adjacent tissues, which turn pale or dark brown, caused by extreme heat or sun exposure.
b.
a condition resembling scald caused by improper conditions of growth or storage, as in apples, or by fungi, as in cranberries.

Origin:
1175–1225; Middle English scalden (v.) < dialectal Old French escalder < Late Latin excaldāre to wash in hot water. See ex-, caldarium

nonscalding, adjective
unscalded, adjective
unscalding, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

scald

2 [skawld, skahld]
noun

scald

3 [skawld]
adjective Archaic.
1.
Also, scalled. scabby; scurvy.
noun
2.
a scab.

Origin:
1490–1500; scall + -ed3

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
scald1 (skɔːld)
 
vb
1.  to burn or be burnt with or as if with hot liquid or steam
2.  (tr) to subject to the action of boiling water, esp so as to sterilize
3.  (tr) to heat (a liquid) almost to boiling point
4.  (tr) to plunge (tomatoes, peaches, etc) into boiling water briefly in order to skin them more easily
 
n
5.  the act or result of scalding
6.  an abnormal condition in plants, characterized by discoloration and wrinkling of the skin of the fruits, caused by exposure to excessive sunlight, gases, etc
 
[C13: via Old Norman French from Late Latin excaldāre to wash in warm water, from calida (aqua) warm (water), from calēre to be warm]
 
'scalder1
 
n

scald2 (skɔːld)
 
n
a variant spelling of skald

scald3 (skɔːld)
 
adj
1.  scabby
 
n
2.  a scab or a skin disease producing scabs
 
[C16: from scall]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

scald
early 13c., from O.N.Fr. escalder (O.Fr. eschalder, Fr. échauder) "to scald," from L.L. excaldare "bathe in hot water," from L. ex- "off" + calidus "hot" (see calorie).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

scald (skôld)
v. scald·ed, scald·ing, scalds
To burn with a hot liquid or steam. n.
A body injury caused by scalding.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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