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scantling

[skant-ling] /ˈskænt lɪŋ/
noun
1.
a timber of relatively slight width and thickness, as a stud or rafter in a house frame.
2.
such timbers collectively.
3.
the width and thickness of a timber.
4.
the dimensions of a building stone.
5.
Nautical.
  1. a dressed timber or rolled metal member used as a framing member in a vessel.
  2. the dimension, in cross section, of a framing member.
6.
a small quantity or amount.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; scant + -ling1; replacing Middle English scantilon < Old French escantillon gauge
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for scantling
  • The floor of the loft at the rear two thirds of the barn is framed with two-inch scantling.
  • The wing was not studied closely, but its construction is of sawn scantling.
  • None of the original fenestration or interior appointments survive, except as scantling in the mid-century remodeling.
  • He made his escape by prying open a window and sliding down to the ground by a scantling.
British Dictionary definitions for scantling

scantling

/ˈskæntlɪŋ/
noun
1.
a piece of sawn timber, such as a rafter, that has a small cross section
2.
the dimensions of a piece of building material or the structural parts of a ship, esp those in cross section
3.
a building stone, esp one that is more than 6 feet in length
4.
a small quantity or amount
Word Origin
C16: changed (through influence of scant and -ling1) from earlier scantillon, a carpenter's gauge, from Old Norman French escantillon, ultimately from Latin scandere to climb; see scan
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for scantling
adj.

1520s, "measured or prescribed size," altered from scantlon, scantiloun "dimension" (c.1400), earlier a type of mason's tool for measuring thickness (c.1300), a shortening of Old French escantillon (Modern French échantillon "sample pattern"), of uncertain origin; perhaps ultimately from Latin scandere "to climb" (see scan (v.)). Sense influenced by scant. Meaning "small wooden beam" is 1660s. Related: Scantlings.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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