Quiz: Remember the definition of mal de mer?
1803, from Modern Latin scarlatina (Sydenham, 1676), from Italian scarlattina (Lancelotti, 1527), fem. of scarlattino (adj.), diminutive of scarlatto "scarlet" (see scarlet). It is a synonym for scarlet fever, not a milder form of it. Related: Scarlattinal.
scarlatina scar·la·ti·na (skär'lə-tē'nə)
See scarlet fever.